Acarbose Side Effects

Acarbose Side Effects

Acarbose is a group of antidiabetic drugs, especially type 2 diabetes, which serves to control blood sugar levels by slowing the process of digesting carbohydrates into a simpler sugar compound. These drugs help lower blood sugar levels after meals. In addition to changing the pattern of food consumption and exercise program, people with diabetes are usually also given acarbose as an additional drug.
Acarbose Side Effects

To control diabetes, acarbose can be taken along with other drugs such as insulin, metformin, sulfonylurea. If the blood sugar level can be controlled, then diabetics can avoid kidney damage, stroke, blindness, nerve damage, heart attack, loss of balance and sexual dysfunction. This drug is not intended for diabetics aged 18 years and under, and should be consumed in accordance with a doctor's prescription.

Women who are planning pregnancy or are pregnant, or breastfeeding are prohibited from taking acarbose.
  • Please be careful for those who have kidney disorders, liver, have a hernia, ulcers, peptic ulcers, colitis, intestinal obstruction, indigestion, and are on a diabetic diet.

Do not consume ordinary sugar (sucrose) when in the hypoglycemia phase (phase where blood sugar level is too low) during taking acarbose. It is recommended to take dextrose type glucose which is available in tablet, syrup or candy form.
  • This drug should not be consumed by adolescents under 18 years old.
  • If there is an allergic reaction or an overdose, see a doctor immediately.

Acarbose Dosage

Generally, the consumption of acarbose at the beginning of treatment is 50-150 mg per day. If the patient's body responds well to treatment, then within a period of at least six to eight weeks the dose is increased to 150 mg per day. To get the maximum treatment effect, acarbose should be consumed regularly and adjusted to the consumption pattern of diabetic food.

Take Acarbose Properly

Be sure to read the instructions on the drug package and follow the doctor's advice on taking acarbose. Do not add or reduce the dose without a doctor's permission.
Eat acarbose just before eating your breakfast, lunch and dinner. This drug can also be swallowed together with your first bite of food. Do not eat foods and drinks that contain carbohydrates along with acarbose, because it can cause diarrhea, abdominal bloating, or even abdominal pain.
You are advised to check blood sugar levels regularly. Ask your doctor if you perform certain activities that can affect blood sugar levels, such as exercise, work, and drinking.
Make sure there is enough time between one dose with the next dose. Try to take acarbose at the same time every day to maximize the effect.
For patients who forget to take acarbose just before breakfast, lunch, or dinner is advised not to eat between meals. Do not double the acarbose dose on the next schedule to replace the missed dose.

Recognize Side Effects and Acarbose Dangers

People's reactions to a drug vary. Some of the common side effects are:
  • Flatulence.
  • Diarrhea and abdominal pain.
  • Indigestion.
  • Stomach cramps.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Some of the rare side effects of acarbose are swelling of the lips, face and tongue. And jaundice.

Immediately see a doctor if you have muscle pain or disturbance. If the side effects continue prolonged, interrupt the activity, or you have an allergic reaction, see a doctor or go to the nearest hospital.
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10 Best Pinworm treatment in child

10 Best Pinworm treatment in child

Pinworm infection is a common type of infection that usually affects children. Children aged 5 to 10 years are most susceptible to pinworm infections. Even pinworms can strike all children living in urban to rural areas. Therefore pinworms are considered a common health problem. Humans become one of the most comfortable and favored environment to pinworms. it has a small shape, thin, flat and white.


Symptoms of pinworms in child

People who are infected with pinworms often do not feel any symptoms or signs. However, a common symptom that is often felt by the sufferer is the itching around the anus and vagina at night. This itching is caused by the activity of pinworm when putting the eggs.
If pinworms have caused a severe infection, some of the following symptoms are usually felt by the patient:
  • Bedwetting.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Difficulty sleeping or staying asleep (insomnia).
  • Weight loss.
  •  Infection of the skin around the anus.
  • Abdominal pain and nausea.

Treatment of Pinworm infection in child

1. Pinworms medicines

The usual treatments for pinworms are  albenazole and mebendazole. Drugs are given in the form of tablets, powders and syrups. Usually the drug will be given again after 2 weeks since it is known positive for pinworm infection. This drug is very effective to eradicate pinworms, so rare cases of complications due to pinworms. In addition to using drugs to treat pinworm infections, it can also use home treatment naturally.

Here are some ways to do natural treatments that you can do.

2. Adjusting the Diet

Food is also very influential for a child so as not easily affected by pinworm infection. The recommended foods are vegetables and fruits and foods that contain little sugar and carbohydrates. Consumption of various types of fiber-rich foods is also highly recommended, because it encourages the metabolism of the large intestine so that the stool can come out as it should. If the bacteria in the digestive organs are good then pinworms that enter the body will be killed naturally.Implementing 

3. Clean Lifestyle

By applying a clean lifestyle then, pinworms also will not easily enter into the body. Some steps that can be done is like applying the correct way of washing hands as often as possible. Using anti-bacterial soap, washing hands with warm water before bed, always clean the bottom of the nails and nails regularly.

4. Grape Seed Extract

Grape seed extract is ready and sold in the market is also very good to prevent pinworm infection. Grape seed extract contains compounds that can neutralize pinworms and eggs naturally without causing side effects. The trick is to mix the grape seed extract into a glass of warm water and then drink the water. This therapy can be done for three times a week.

5. Garlic

Garlic is usually used as a cooking spice. But it turns out that a lot of garlic containing alisin compounds can help kill pinworms that have entered into the body. The trick is to add garlic to the dishes eaten by the children. Even if the children feel itchy at the rectum at night due to pinworm infection, then can try to apply garlic that has been mashed around the rectum. In the morning it will be a lot of pinworms and eggs that come out and is in a state of death.

6. Castor and Coconut Oil

Coconut oil produced from pure coconut baked or baked, and also very efficacious for killing pinworms. You can take a spoon of coconut oil that has been mixed with castor oil and then apply on the anal part. Shortly after that then the pinworms that are in the rectum will die.

7. Pumpkin Seeds

Do you have fresh pumpkin seeds? Pumpkin seeds are still fresh was also very effective to treat pinworms. The trick is to destroy the fresh pumpkin seeds, then boil until boiling. After that filter to get the water. Once cool then the water can be drunk.
This water will kill pinworms directly because water will be absorbed into the intestine. Pinworm will come out of the body along with the stool. This method can even create pinworm infections in order not to recur again.

8. Raw Carrots

One other way that can be used to kill pinworms is to consume raw carrots. Foods that contain vitamin A is with fresh conditions, can be eaten directly or juiced then mixed with honey. Carrots contain vitamins and minerals that are very good for the body, while pinworms do not like carrot nutrition so it will die. Pinworm will then come out of the body along with the stool.

9. Red onion

Onion also contains alisin compounds that are high enough as in garlic. The onion has a slightly more spicy taste and this has become one of the most potent toxins for pinworms. The trick is to clean the onion, wash clean then the slices become softer. After that soak in drinking water for 24 hours. Then drink the red shallot water in the morning. Pinworms will surely die and come out of the body along with the stool.

10. Apple Vinegar

Another material that is also very effective for killing pinworms is apple vinegar. You can make your own apple vinegar so it's more natural. Destroy the green apple and then squeeze and grab the water. After that, mix this apple juice with a warm drink. Drink for three times a day in the morning, afternoon and afternoon. Apple vinegar that has a sour taste is definitely not going to be liked by pinworms so, pinworms will definitely get killed.

Prevention Pinworm infection in child

  • Always wash your hands before and after meals.
  • Children should be accustomed to washing hands with soap after playing in public places.
  • Frequently wash hands with soap to avoid pinworm infection from public places.
  • Get used to wash blankets, sheets, pillowcases and bolsters every two days or as often as possible.
  • Always change your outerwear and underwear every day or as often as possible. (Also read: due to no bath)
  • Always keep the environment where children play especially the inside of the house. Some areas that should always be cleaned are like toys, playgrounds, carpets, sofas, play chairs and all the objects most often held by children.
  • Children should always clean the rectum in the morning but, if not yet, parents can help ensure that it is completely clean.
  • Wash towels with hot water to avoid infection of worms that have been breeding on towels.
  • Cut the children's nails so they do not hurt the part around the anus when scratched and can lead to a worse bacterial infection.
  • Do not share personal needs between one child and another such as towels and sleepwear.

So in fact pinworms are very common infections, but must also be completely eradicated. Pinworms can develop in the body and become parasites. Therefore, maintaining health and hygiene will be better to prevent pinworms.

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How to get rid of sunburn on Baby

How to get rid of sunburn on Baby

Everyone may get sunburn including baby. this condition can be painful and itches that can make baby uncomfortable and hard to sleep. that's why it is important for parent to practice some treatment tips to relieve the baby sunburn.

Inviting children to play outdoors, certainly feels good. In addition to encouraging child to explore the surrounding environment, playing can also train his motoric skill. Therefore, I am not tired of inviting the Little one to play in the yard, playground, or even the beach.

5 treatment tips for sunburn

I know, some mothers rarely take the little child outdoors is for security reasons. One is the risk of sunburned skin. Skin can burn if already in the sun for 15 minutes. However, the effects of redness and discomfort will be felt a few hours later. That is why, the use of sunscreen has become a liability to prevent skin burn and skin cancer risk.

Well, if the skin of the baby is already burning, you do not have to worry too much. Instead, do the following to treat it:

1. Keep out of the sun

When the baby's skin is already showing a reddish color, it's a sign that his skin is starting to burn. Instead, take the baby to the shady place. In addition to preventing skin conditions getting worse, the cool air in the shade can reduce the discomfort that the little one feel.

2. Bathe with cool water

The skin of the Small child is soft and smooth, sunburn and become reddish. When in contact with the cool water, he will feel more comfortable. Therefore, Mother can bathe or just compress the skin to provide a sense of comfort. Avoid water that is too cold or warm temperatures when bathing, because it causes uncomfortable and even painful.

3. Give a drink

Mom, when your child skin burns, not only impact the outer appearance but also he is also at risk of dehydration due to lack of fluids. Therefore, give lots of drinking water to restore the body fluids. The mother can also give her breast milk if the baby still consumes it.

4. Use a moisturizer

After the skin is cleaned, Mother can apply moisturizer to make chidren skin more comfortable. Try, the moisturizer you use contains aloe vera. This is because aloe vera is believed to reduce the burning sensation on the skin. Apply it gently and avoid rubbing his skin too roughly. However, if your baby feels pain when her skin comes in contact with a moisturizer, you should stop using it.

5. Protect from the sun

The little one who is actively moving and exploring, often makes it difficult for Mother to forbid her out of the house and avoid the sun. Therefore, Mother can protect her by using SPF 15 or stronger lotion, and wearing a hat between ten and four o'clock in the morning, so that she is protected despite playing outdoors. It is important that the condition of his burning skin is not getting worse.

Well, apparently it is not difficult to treat skin burn on children, is it? As long as the symptoms are still normal, ie no fever and vomiting, you can do your own treatment at home. Even so, pediatric consultation should be done immediately if he has a swollen face, headache, fever, vomiting, and unconsciousness. In addition, avoid giving drugs if you have not consulted with the medical expert. Hopefully your child will get better soon.

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Kawasaki Disease Treatment in toddlers

Kawasaki Disease Treatment in toddlers

Early and effective treatment may be crucial to speed the healing process and reduce the risk of complications of Kawasaki Disease in Child. If not addressed soon, Kawasaki disease healing will be longer, the risk of complications is also greater.

Kawasaki Disease in toddlers

What is Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki disease is a disease that causes inflammation of blood vessel walls throughout the body, especially the heart's blood vessels. This disease usually attack  children under five years old. Generally toddlers aged between one and a half to two years.

In addition to blood vessels, Kawasaki disease can attack lymph nodes, skin, and mucous membranes in the mouth, nose, and throat. Therefore, this disease is also called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome.

Cause Kawasaki Disease in toddlers

Experts do not know exactly what causes Kawasaki disease. However, some studies suggest that Kawasaki's disease may be caused by an abnormal reaction to certain viruses. Other studies also say that this disease is an autoimmune disorder, in which the immune system in a child's body thinks that body tissues are pathogens so that the tissues are attacked.

Symptoms of Kawasaki disease in toddlers

The symptoms of Kawasaki disease are divided into three phases, namely the acute phase, the sub acute phase, and the healing phase. However, in some cases, the patient may experience an advanced phase, the chronic phase.

The first phase Symptoms

The first phase is called an acute phase lasting from one to two weeks. The characteristics and symptoms that may be shown by children affected by this disease:

  •  Fever over 39 degrees C and lasts for five days or more
  • Red eye (conjunctivitis) in the absence of impurities
  • Red rash on body parts and genital parts
  • Lips swollen, red, dry, cracked
  • Tongue swelling and red (strawberry tongue)
  • Your palms and soles are swollen and red in color
  • Swelling of the mucous membranes in the neck
The symptoms shown in this first phase are somewhat similar to other diseases, such as fever, measles, allergies, or thyroid disease (parotitis).

Many parents think that their child has a common fever, so they give acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve fever in children. However, fever in children suffering from Kawasaki disease will not be responsive to antibiotics.

In addition, the administration of drugs without doctor’s prescription may also interfere the measurement of how severe and how long the duration of fever in the child, which will be used for further diagnosis. Diagnosis should be done in this phase.

The second phase

The next phase is called the sub-acute phase, there could be up to six weeks. Visible traits:

  •  Peeling hands and feet skin, especially on the fingertips
  •  Joint pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Gag
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal pain
In this phase, an increase in the number of platelets in the body that could exceed 1 million / mL of blood (thrombocytosis) and the development of coronary aneurysms. If in this phase the child still has a fever, the risk of heart complications is increasing. The risk of sudden death also increased dramatically in this phase.

The third phase

In the third phase is the phase of healing, signs and symptoms slowly begin to disappear, unless complications of the disease getting worse. After one to two months after the fever appears horizontal transverse lines on fingernails and feet, known as Beau's lines, as a result of diseases that affect the whole body. In the healing phase, cardiac abnormalities may still exist.

Chronic phase

The chronic phase only occurs in patients with severe heart complications. This can usually be continued until adulthood, given the blockages in blood vessels are formed in childhood can be broken in adulthood.

Other complications that may occur include inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis), inflammation of the pericardium (pericarditis), abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), enlarging the size of the heart (cardiomegaly), to disorders of the heart valves that causes blood to flow from the left ventricle into the atrium left

Treatment of Kawasaki Disease in toddlers

The primary goal of treatment at an early stage is to reduce fever, reduce inflammation, while preventing damage to the heart. The main procedure undertaken to treat this disease is to provide aspirin and immunoglobulin.

Aspirin should not actually be consumed by children under 16, but Kawasaki's disease is one of the exceptions. This drug can overcome inflammation, reduce fever, and reduce pain. The dose and duration of aspirin use will be determined by the physician based on the patient's condition.

Immunoglobulin administration through the infusion is also needed to reduce fever as well as the risk of cardiac complications. The intensity of Kawasaki disease symptoms will generally be reduced after the patient receives this infusion. The type of immunoglobulin used to treat Kawasaki disease is gamma globulin.

If aspirin and immunoglobulin do not work, doctors may give corticosteroids. In addition to medications, you can provide simple handling to reduce heat. For example by giving a lot of drinking or compressing your child.

After a fever has dropped, the doctor may prescribe low-dose aspirin if the patient is detected with coronary artery disease. Low-dose aspirin serves to prevent blood clots. These drugs will usually be given up to 1.5-2 months after symptoms appear.

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6 Signs of Mental Illness in Children

6 Signs of Mental Illness in Children

It is not easy to identify mental illness in children, because the symptoms are different from those in adults. Sometimes, you find something abnormal in children, but it is difficult to distinguish it from the normal behavior of children. The more parents understand the child's problems, the easier it is to find the right treatment for your child. This can ensure the development and growth of children who continue to run smoothly.

child personality disorders

Here are 6 warning signs of mental illness that you should not ignore:

Changes in behavior

Changes related to behavior are most easily found through their daily activities. There have been some major changes to the behavior and personality of the children. You may notice that your child is slowly likely to become rough, often fighting and using weapons frequently, or even saying hurtful words to others. They are easily angry and frustrated at people

Mood changes
The mood in children tends to change constantly and suddenly. Feelings of sadness can last at least 2 weeks, and cause problems with relationships with friends and family. Mood changes are a common symptom of depression or bipolar disorder.

Difficulty concentrating
Children who suffer from mental illness are difficult to focus or pay attention to in a long time. In addition, they also have difficulty to sit still and read. These symptoms can lead to declining school performance, as well as decreased brain development.

Weight loss
Not only physical ailments that cause weight loss, mental problems can also cause serious negative effects on the health of children. Symptoms generally include persistent loss of appetite, vomiting, and eating disorders.

Changes to physical symptoms
Mental illness can cause headaches or abdominal pain in children. These children are also more susceptible to flu, fever, or other illness than normal and healthy children. Sometimes, mental health conditions cause the child to hurt himself, such as cutting or burning himself. In serious cases, the child may have thoughts of suicide or even attempting to commit suicide.

Intense feeling
Children sometimes face the feeling of excessive fear for no reason. The signs include crying, shouting or nausea accompanied by a very intense feeling. This is a common sign of depression or anxiety. Intense feeling can cause some physical effects, such as difficulty breathing, rapid heartbeat or breathing, which can interfere with daily activities.

What should you do if you suspect a mental health disorder in your child?

The best advice for this case is to consult a pediatrician about symptoms and signs of mental illness in your child. Your doctor will give you recommendations for child care or treatment if needed. In addition, paying attention to the child's behavior and keeping the child well are the things that you can do. Chances are, your child needs the love and care of parents, friends and teachers to improve their condition.
Consider talking to his teacher, friends or other family members to pay attention to the physical and mental changes in your child.

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Hives Treatment Tips in Toddlers

Hives Treatment Tips in Toddlers

Hives or Itching in children is a mild health problem that often occurs, especially in small child who are active to move. However, do not underestimate it, especially if the itch continues after treatment is given because it could be the itching is a sign of other health disorders. Well, to be sure, let's find out more about itching in toddlers, what are the symptoms and causes, and how to prevent and overcome them.

what causes hives in children

Causes of hives in toddlers

There are many factors that can be hives trigger in toddlers. The most common cause is insect bites. Other causes include too dry skin conditions, allergies, irritations, germ infections, and psychological conditions.

Skin that is too dry can lead to itching. This generally occurs due to low humidity and air-conditioned room for a long time.

Meanwhile, itching caused by allergies and irritation usually occurs due to the use of cosmetics, soap, food, and certain clothing materials.

In addition, itching in toddlers can also be triggered by germ infections in areas of skin folds, such as the armpits and groin. Usually, this happens due to the emergence of sweat which then makes germs feel at home for long on the skin of the child.

While the cause of itching due to psychological factors generally include anxiety and depression are believed to trigger itching in children. For that, you need to be aware of all possible causes of itching in children to get the right treatment. The sooner the itching on the little one is overcome, then the more impact can be avoided.

Symptoms of hives in toddlers

Symptoms of itching in children can actually be easily seen. Symptoms of mild itching generally cause the baby becomes uncomfortable. These symptoms will then be followed by the movement of his hand that scratches the area of ​​his skin that itches. In advanced cases of itching, there will usually be rashes on the skin. Itchy skin areas are also usually reddish. Well, if the condition is so, would be better if you immediately bring your baby to the doctor to relieve symptoms as well as overcome them.

Tips to prevent hives in children

Before itching attacks, there are some tips to prevent itching as the following.
  •  Keep your baby's skin moist. If necessary, give lotion, especially if you use AC at home.
  • Give more attention to the clothing material to be used. Make sure the material is comfortable so as not to cause irritation to the skin which then triggers itching in children.
  • Check whether your baby is allergic to certain ingredients in cosmetics, soaps, detergents and medications you provide at home. If yes, immediately look for alternatives to prevent itching in children.
  • as much as possible keep the mood of the baby and keep him away from stress and anxiety.
  •  Bathe your baby regularly, especially during hot weather. Use antibacterial soaps to eradicate the itchy acne bacteria. Use of anti-bacterial soap is believed to eradicate Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria that trigger itching in children.

Tips to prevent hives getting worse in toddlers

If itching has already attacked the little one, do not panic. Be sure to do the following four things so that the itching suffered by your baby does not get worse.
  • Make sure the nails have been cut neatly so as not to trigger the wound caused by scratching the skin that itch.
  • Advise your baby not to scratch the itchy skin. Teach him to wipe it to prevent wounds.
  •  Invite your child to bathe with cold water because cold water can reduce the itching that arises. Cold water is also believed to help reduce itching in children.
  • Watch your baby's food. As much as possible prevent him from eating spicy foods and caffeinated beverages. Both will only aggravate the itching in children.

How to handle the hives in toddlers

Itching should not be underestimated. Proper hives treatment is still needed in order to provide comfort to the baby. To overcome the case of mild itching, give cold powder or lotion on the skin of the area that itch. This method proved to be effective.

Meanwhile, to handle advanced itching cases, the use of itching reliever can be done. However, of course its use should be accompanied by prescription and doctor's instructions. If the itch persists, immediately take your child to the doctor for better treatment.

Itching is very common, not only in children, but also in adults. But please note that some cases of itching can be a sign of other more serious health disorders, such as kidney disorders. By knowing the causes, symptoms, how to prevent and how to handle the itching in children, you are expected to do the best so that your baby can avoid itching. Sufficient understanding of itching will certainly help you to seek the best treatment for your baby.

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3 Common Diabetes Symptoms in Toddlers

3 Common Diabetes Symptoms in Toddlers

Diabetes is a condition in which the body fails to produce insulin or absorb insulin. Both of these will increase the sugar levels in the blood that can harm the health of the body. Currently the number of diabetics is increasing drastically. Even children can get this disease. Most children have type 1 diabetes that can turn to be more severe if symptoms are not detected early.

diabetes in toddlers warning signs

Here are the early symptoms of diabetes in toddlers

1. Often Thirst and Pee

When playing actively with friends his age, reasonable when the child will often feel thirsty because he sweats a lot. However, if the child is suddenly often thirsty for no apparent reason, you need to be vigilant because this could be a sign of diabetes.
Yes, as the level of sugar in the blood increases, the fluid will be "attracted" out of the small body tissue so that he so often feel thirsty. Because of frequent drinking to relieve thirst, his desire to urinate will also increase.

2. Easy to feel hungry

As a parent, Mother would be happy if the Small eat with gusto. Even so, the doctor I consult online says, Mothers need to be vigilant if the child often ask for food because suddenly feel hungry. Because, this could be a sign that he has diabetes.
When exposed to diabetes, the amount of Insulin, the hormone that regulates Carbohydrates and blood sugar levels decreases. These causes the child tend to not energized, more easily weak, and quickly feel hungry. As a result, he became more often asked for food.

3. Weight Loss Drastically

This point may be contrary to the previous symptoms, ma'am. But, it is this weirdness that became one of the most obvious symptoms that you need to be aware of. When exposed to diabetes, the child's weight will continue to decline even though he eats more often. This happens because the baby's body is not able to convert sugar into energy so that muscle and fat tissue in the body becomes weaker. In effect, his weight was down. 

So, if this symptom is found in the child, Mother is advised to immediately consult a pediatrician so that the best help can be immediately given.

That's three symptoms of diabetes in toddlers that need to be aware of. For the sake of maintaining your children’s health, consult the pediatrician when the symptoms had begun to appear on your child.
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5 Common Causes of Vomiting in Baby and How to handle it

5 Common Causes of Vomiting in Baby and How to handle it

Does your child often vomit?

It is important for you to recognize the cause of the vomiting suffered by your child in order to deal with it appropriately.


Vomiting Causes in Baby

Based on the child's health counseling I did with the doctor at the time, some of the things below could be the cause of Vomiting in Baby:

1. Jet Lag

Just like adults, children can also experience motion sickness, for example when traveling long distances. This travel drunkenness happens when baby feels uncomfortable as the environment moves, and she becomes dizzy until vomiting.

How to solve it? First, Mother can soothe Little One and not let her stomach empty to avoid this condition getting worse. Therefore, Mother can provide fresh fruit and enough water to help reduce nausea during the trip.

2. A lot Crying or Coughing

Crying or coughing can stimulate the vomiting reflex in the baby. A loud cough triggers pressure on the abdominal area, which can lead to vomiting.

If this happens, you should immediately calm the baby so that he does not cry. In addition, Mother can also take the time to play with her so that the little one mood gets better. If the cough is not accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, runny nose, sore throat, then you don’t need to worry.

Meanwhile, if the cough is accompanied by other symptoms and does not recover, you should consult with a pediatrician to find out the cause of cough in the Small.

3. Food poisoning

Vomiting can also be caused by food poisoning, you know. Various foods that are not clean or contaminated with chemicals can be the cause.

How are the symptoms of food poisoning?

 Generally, food poisoning is characterized by nausea and vomiting accompanied by diarrhea and abdominal cramps.

Immediately bring your child to the doctor so that this condition can be handled as soon as possible. Usually, the doctor will also suggest that the Little one eat fresh fruits to help remove toxins that enter the digestive tract.

4. Virus or Bacterial Infection

Apparently stomach flu or intestinal disease can be the cause of vomiting in baby, you know. Because, virus or bacteria can infect the baby’s stomach.

When attacked by a virus or bacteria, he is not only vomits, but may also experience diarrhea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, to a fever.  If this happens, immediately take the Little one to the doctor to get further treatment of vomiting in your baby.

5. Infections or Respiratory Disorders

Another cause of vomiting in baby is a disturbance or infection in the respiratory tract, especially when he was coughing.

First aid for mild respiratory infections can be done by giving sufficient water to the little one. Generally, upper respiratory tract infections can heal within for 1-2 weeks. If respiratory infection does not improve, immediately consult the condition to the doctor to be handled appropriately.

The five things above could be the cause of vomiting in baby. As a first aid, give the little one water to avoid dehydration. Alternatively, chamomile / peppermint tea or warm ginger that is not too spicy can also be served to help relieve nausea and vomiting.

However, avoid forcing the little one to drink when he is still vomiting. If vomiting still occurs more than 24 hours, then you should check your child to the pediatrician. Hopefully this information can be useful!
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Roseola rash symptoms in babies

Roseola rash symptoms in babies

Roseola rash or in other medical terms called roseola infantum, is a viral infection usually caused by herpes type 6 virus that affects infants or children with the main symptoms of fever and pink rash on the skin. The age of six months to one and a half years is the most vulnerable age to this condition.

Roseola rash symptoms in babies picture

Symptoms Roseola rash in babies

The roseola symptoms usually appear after the virus incubates in the body for 1-2 weeks. In the early stages, infants or children affected by roseola will experience a high fever, cough and colds, sore throat, and no appetite. In addition to these symptoms, some patients will also experience swollen glands in the neck, mild diarrhea, and swelling of the eyelid.

After three or four days later, the fever will usually subside and continue with the appearance of a pink rash that will fill the back, abdomen, and chest. Even in some cases, rashes that do not itch or ill this also appear on the face and feet. Within two days usually the rash will gradually disappear.

Treatment of Roseola in babies

Roseola usually heals within a week (calculated from the emergence of fever to rash) is sufficient through care at home. However, if your child has a high fever up to more than 39.4 degrees Celsius, the rash on his skin still has not disappeared after three days, or even experienced convulsions due to his fever, immediately consult his doctor. Complications of seizures associated with fever in roseola cases are actually rare.

As your child begins to have a fever, make sure he is resting on his bed completely until his condition is fully restored. Keep your child's room temperature cool and do not give him a blanket that is too thick.

Give your child a drink as often as possible although he does not feel thirsty for the fever can quickly subside and avoid dehydration. As much as possible avoid the use of painkillers, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol, unless your child is depressed by the condition. Do not give aspirin to children under the age of 16 without a prescription from a doctor.

Roseola Prevention in babies

Children who have been exposed to roseola will generally not get this condition again for a second time because antibodies that are already able to fight the HHV-6 virus have been formed. Therefore the case of roseola in adults is very rare, unless the patient has never been exposed to this condition when small or has a weakened immune system due to a condition (eg due to HIV virus or due to side effects of chemotherapy treatment).

Until now there has been no vaccine that can prevent roseola because it's the best step that can be done to prevent transmission is to keep your child away from the patient so as not to be exposed. if your child is sick roseola, stop all the activities he used to do outside (eg play or study) until the symptoms healed completely.

Do not forget to always maintain hygiene if there is a roseola patient at home so we do not become a medium of transmission indirectly outside.

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Bronchiolitis Treatment in Babies

Bronchiolitis Treatment in Babies

Be aware of the Symptoms of Bronchiolitis in babies in order to give a quick treatment and to prevent the complications that may happen to your baby.

Bronchiolitis is an Respiratory infections that causes inflammation and blockage in the bronchioles or small respiratory tracts in the lungs. This condition is generally experienced by babies to two years old children.

bronchiolitis treatment guidelines

Symptoms of Bronchiolitis in babies

Initially, a child affected by bronchiolitis will look like a common cold with symptoms of mild cough and runny nose. A few days later, symptoms will develop. Children will often experience a dry cough with wheezing and fever. In addition, he will be hard to eat.

Bronchiolitis Complications

Complications often occur in cases of severe bronchiolitis. Some examples of these complications are:
  • Dehydration
  • Respiratory failure or lack of oxygen levels in the body
  • Cyanosis is characterized by skin and lips are blue due to lack of oxygen
  • Apnea or breathing pauses.

Most cases of bronchiolitis are mild. Symptoms of this disease will usually subside less than three weeks without treatment required. Even so, there are also a few cases of bronchiolitis that symptoms are quite serious. Therefore, parents still have to beware.

Take your child to the doctor if the fever remains high, shortness of breath, fuss, looks very tired, and the portion of the meal is reduced drastically. Also, take your child to the doctor if you see signs of dehydration. If shortness of breath gets worse causing the skin to become pale, the lips and tongue look blue, and the body sweats, or there is a long enough breathing stop, immediately take your child to the hospital or call an ambulance.

Causes of Bronchiolitis in babies

A number of viruses can cause bronchiolitis, including flu viruses and colds. However, the type of virus that most often causes this condition especially in children younger than two years is respiratorysyncytial virus (RSV). Children are usually infected with the virus when they are near the patient and are exposed to salivation from coughing or sneezing.

In addition, transmission can also occur through intermediaries, such as toys. When items that have been contaminated by viruses are held by children and their hands touching the mouth or nose, it is likely that transmission will occur.

Here are some conditions that can increase risk of bronchiolitis in child, including:
  • Have low immunity.
  • Born prematurely.
  • Age less than three months.
  • Never get milk. Breast-fed children have better body immunity than those who do not.
  •  Living in a dense environment.
  • Frequent contact with other children.
  • Often exposed to cigarette smoke.
  • Has lung or heart disease.

Treatment of Bronchiolitis in babies

If your child has bronchiolitis and is not considered severe, your doctor will usually advise you to do home care. Examples of home treatments for this condition are:
  • Resting children
  •  give him plenty of fluids including breast milk and formula to prevent dehydration.
  • Make your child's room space comfortable by installing an air humidifier.
  • Sterilize your child's room from air pollution especially cigarette smoke.
  • Provide heat-relieving medicines that can be purchased freely in pharmacies (eg ibuprofen and paracetamol) if your child has a fever according to the dosage recommended by the physician or the usage instructions listed on the package. Paracetamol may be given to children over two months of age, and iburophen may be given to children over three months of age weighing at least five kilograms. Do not give aspirin because this medicine is for people aged 16 years and over.
  • Provide saline drops (a solution containing salt) that can be purchased freely in the pharmacy to relieve your child's blocked nose.

In cases of severe condition, Bronchiolitis Treatment should be done in the hospital. During hospitalization, in addition to getting oxygen therapy, children with bronchiolitis will get fluid intake through the infusion.

Prevention of Bronchiolitis in Babies

To minimize your child's risk of bronchiolitis, keep children away from people who show symptoms 
of the disease or other respiratory diseases. Wash your hands and your child regularly to avoid transmission of the virus when you touch your Little One or through intermediate objects. 

If a friend or family wants to hold your child, ask them to wash their hands first. Also, keep your child away from exposure to secondhand smoke.

If your child is sick with bronchiolitis, take off all the usual activities they do outside to avoid transmitting the disease to others. Take care of your child at home until healed.

In children who are at high risk for bronchiolitis such as having low immunity, lung or heart disease at birth, and premature birth, doctors usually recommend an injection of antibodies each month.

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