Down syndrome Symptoms in Baby

Down syndrome Symptoms in Baby

 What is Down syndrome?


Down syndrome is the most common genetic disorder that causes different learning abilities and certain physical features. Down syndrome cannot be cured, but with maximum support and attention, children with Down syndrome can grow happily that is why it is very to detect the symptoms in your baby.
signs-down-syndrome-infants

WHO states that the incidence of Down syndrome is 1 in 1,000 live births in the world. Each year, it is estimated that there are at least 3,000 to 5,000 babies born with this chromosomal disorder.

Down syndrome can affect a person in various ways and each will experience different care and social needs.

There are some of the same physical features in children with Down syndrome, but the characteristics of parents and family also play a role in their physical appearance.

 Childhood Down syndrome Symptoms


The physical characteristics of people with the most common Down syndrome are as follows:

  • Weight and length at birth are below average.
  • Reduced muscle tension such as hypotonia.
  • The eyes tilt up and out.
  • The palm of the hand has only one fold.
  • Small nose and flat bone nose.
  • Between the first and second toes there is a large distance.
  • Small mouth.
  • Hands wide with short fingers.
  • Short stature.
  • Short neck.
  • The head is small and flat on the back.
  • The tongue protrudes out.
  • The shape of the ear is not normal or small.
  • Excess muscle flexibility.
  • White spots on the lining of the eye.

Children with Down syndrome also have a level of learning disability and different growth barriers between each other.

Some important developments are sometimes affected, including how to talk, walk, read, communicate, reach for, stand, and sit. Impacts of mental retardation such as impulsive behavior, difficulty in making decisions to the ability of minimal attention can also occur.

Down syndrome can not be cured, but there are many things that can be done to help someone with Down syndrome to get a healthy, active, and independent life.


Children with Down syndrome can still grow normally even though this process takes longer than usual.

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8 Most common Bone cancer Symptoms in Child

8 Most common Bone cancer Symptoms in Child

What is Bone cancer? 


Bone cancer, also known as Osteosarcoma is a type of cancer that attacks bones. This disease can attack children or adults. 

childhood-cancer


The entire bone in the body can be attacked by this disease, but mostly occurs in the bones of the legs and arms. This cancer attacks many children aged 10-20 years. Osteosarcoma is active and aggressive. Its roots can gnaw the bone until it takes an amputation action, because otherwise it will risk to the patient life.

According to the study, every year about 2890 people worldwide are being diagnosed with bone cancer, and of that number about 1410 people die from the disease. That is why parent should detect the characteristics of bone cancer early in order to give the best treatment for the condition.

Childhood Bone cancer Symptoms


The following are the main signs and symptoms of bone cancer:

1. Pain in bones

The most easily detectable features of bone cancer are prolonged pain in the spine, particularly the back and neck accompanied by other symptoms such as pain and aching. The pain does not stop only in the spinal part, but gradually spread to other parts of the body.

2. The decline of moving function

the characteristics of bone cancer will affect your activities. Cancer cells that suppress the nerves very strongly can make a person's ability in moving decrease. This is due to the occurrence of disturbances to the spine, especially on impulses. Because when the cancer triggers a major inflammation, the brain's ability to communicate with other parts of the body can no longer run maximally, so that the legs are hard to walk, the hands feel stiff for holding or reaching for something.

3. Decreased Sensitivity

Touch sensation is also increasingly weakened due to inflammation, pressure and the influence of cancer of the spine, because the central nerves are in the spinal part causes bone cancer patients begin to find it difficult to feel the temperature is hot or cold when touching something.

4. Incontinence

Symptoms of incontinence are almost the same as decreased activity ability, only this symptom results in loss of a person's ability to control the work of the intestine and bladder caused by impulses nerve impaired.

5. Paralysis

In certain stages, a person with bone cancer may experience paralysis, either on one or more of the limbs, depending on the location and size of the growth of cancer cells, as cancer-causing nerves are cut off from the entire nervous system.

6. Swelling

You may experience pain around the occurrence of cancer, and may show swelling of the bones, bumps or something inside.

7. Bone Friction

Cancer cells can weaken bones, and this sometimes leads to fractures.

8. Weight Loss

Unwanted weight loss and fatigue accompanying bone pain may be a sign of bone cancer. Other symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, may develop if the cancer has spread to other organs.

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Typhoid fever Symptoms in Child And How To Handle It

Typhoid fever Symptoms in Child And How To Handle It

Typhoid fever, also known as typhus, is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria or Salmonella paratyphi. These bacteria usually settle in water or food.

Symptoms-treatmment-Typhoid fever-child

A person can suffer from typhoid fever for consuming food or drink contaminated with the bacteria.
The Symptoms can come suddenly, can also come gradually over a period of several weeks. 

If left untreated, symptoms of typhoid will worsen over time. The worsening of untreated typhoid symptoms will also be accompanied by the appearance of red spots on the chest, decreased weight, and flatulence.

Symptoms of Typhoid fever  in Children in General


Typhus symptoms in children are the same as adults, both from the duration of fever, signs, and how to handle it. Symptoms of typhoid or typhoid fever can be mild or severe, depending on the health condition, age, and history of vaccination of the patient.

Common symptoms that usually occur when a child develops typhoid include:
  • High fever (reaches 40 ° C)
  • Stomach ache and can be accompanied by diarrhea
  • Feeling weak, tired, and body aches
  • Headache
  •  sore throat
  • Constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Enlarged liver and lymph
  • The appearance of layers on the tongue

Typhoid fever in children rarely until there is a cause of serious health problems complications. If it leads to complications, usually a digestive problem, namely the existence of a hole in the intestine. This condition is considered serious and requires immediate hospitalization.

Proper treatment Typhoid Fever


If symptoms of typhoid in children have appeared, be prepared to immediately combat this disease. Handling measures for typhoid patients are through two stages. 

The first step, the patient must get treatment at the hospital. After that, it is advisable to continue home care as a second handling step.

Medical treatment

Medical typhoid treatment is done in the hospital. Typhoid fever patients will receive treatment:

Giving antibiotics

When exposed to typhoid fever and typhoid symptoms in children, doctors will give antibiotics for 1-2 weeks. Antibiotics are considered a common treatment for typhoid fever in the early stages. Different types of antibiotics, depending on the patient's condition.

Take antibiotics until the prescribed time limit and do not leave any prescribed antibiotics. If the child is not finished taking the drug, then the risk is very high, the disease will easily come again.
After the antibiotics run out, make sure to return to the doctor for further examination.

Hospitalization

If the child has severe symptoms such as fever of up to 40 ° C or more, severe diarrhea, swollen stomach, or persistent vomiting, call your doctor immediately to get treatment at the hospital. 

Doctors will provide nutritional fluids through infusion and antibiotics in the form of injectable drugs. 

Usually the patient will recover after undergoing treatment for 3-5 days. However, to ensure full recovery, patients will be required to continue hospitalization longer.

Home Care

In addition to treatment of typhoid fever in the hospital, do also additional treatment at home, for example:

Drink Lots of fluids

Give water, fruit juice, or coconut water to keep the body hydrated. The importance of this fluid intake by the condition of diarrhea and high fever that makes the body tends to dehydration.

Pay attention to food intake

Typhoid fever can cause sufferers, especially children, to be malnourished. Therefore, fill the nutritional needs by providing the right foods. Rice, bread, and bananas are some foods that are easily digested in the stomach and help relieve nausea and diarrhea. 

Fruit juice can also be given, as long as no sugar is added. Note that sugar can aggravate diarrhea. Fruits and vegetables can also be provided to meet the needs of vitamins.

Add honey

Add 1-2 tablespoons of honey to warm tea, and then give it to the child. This drink is good to help recover symptoms of typhoid fever. 

In addition, honey is soothing to the irritated bowel and protects the digestive tract. However, avoid giving honey to children under one year because of the risk of causing botulism.

Do not forget to discuss with your doctor about the nature of home treatment so as not to contradict medical care from the hospital to avoid the risk of health problems.


If there are no other health problems, typhoid fever symptoms will generally heal in the third or fourth week. However, although it is cured, the disease can come again anytime. 

Therefore, keep an eye on food and beverage hygiene and when typhoid symptoms appear in children, consult your doctor immediately for the right treatment.

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Rhabdomyosarcoma  Symptoms in Child

Rhabdomyosarcoma Symptoms in Child

What is rhabdomyosarcoma?


Rhabdomyosarcoma or rabdomiosarkoma is a fast-growing cancer that can develop in soft tissues (muscle mass) almost anywhere in the body, often in children.
rhabdomyosarcoma pictures-child

The most common rhabdomyosarcoma sites are head, neck, bladder, vagina, arms, legs, and other body parts. In rhabdomyosarcoma, cancer cells are similar to immature muscle cells.

There are two types of rhabdomyosarcoma:
  • Embryonic Rhabdomyosarcoma, usually affecting children under 6 years old. The embryonic Rhabdomyosarcoma often appears in the head and neck area, and especially in the tissues around the eyes. Other common tumor areas are the genital area and urine, which can appear in the uterus, vagina, bladder or prostate gland.
  • Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma usually affects older children or adolescents. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma tends to be more aggressive than the embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma, and more often appears in the arms and legs, or chest or abdomen.

Symptoms of Rhabdomyosarcoma in Child


Rhabdomyosarcoma has different symptoms for different locations.Here are the symptoms that may appear in certain body areas:
  •  Head, may have symptoms such as headache, lower eyelid, or prominent eyes.
  • Prostate, symptoms that appear in the form of disorders of the bowel or bladder.
  • Vagina, symptoms that appear in the form of mass growth of polypoid (polyp).
  • Paratestikular, symptoms that appear in the form of a lump in the scrotum that does not feel pain.
  • Uterus and cervix, symptoms that appear in the form of excessive menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) or irregular menstrual cycle (metrorrhagia).
  • Bladder, symptoms that appear can be urine contains blood (hematuria).
  • Arms and limbs / extremities, symptoms that appear in the form of a lump that does not feel pain.
  • Area around the eye / orbit, symptoms that appear in the form of protrusion of eyeballs and movement of the eyeball is not normal.
  • Parameningeal (ear area, nasal cavity, sinus cavity near the nose, infratemporal fossa, and pterigopalatina), symptoms that appear in the form of pain or pain in the upper respiratorytract.

Symptoms that arise from the spread of cancer cells from the original organ can also appear in the form of pain or aching on the bone, anemia, shortness of breath, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia.

When should you see a doctor?

Call your doctor soon if your kid have:
  • Lumps that are not lost or swollen in the body
  • Eyes poking or eyelids swell
  • Headache and nausea
  • Difficult urination or disturbance in intestinal movement
  • Blood in the urine
  • Bleeding from the nose, throat, vagina, or rectum
  • One of the scrotums is enlarged

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Neuroblastoma Symptoms in child

Neuroblastoma Symptoms in child

Neuroblastoma is the most common cancer in children younger than 5 years. These cancers are mostly found around the adrenal gland. It  can be detected via ultrasound when the baby is still in the womb.
Childhood Neuroblastoma-Symptoms


Besides, the cancer can appear in some parts of the body, if in the stomach it will be in the form of mass in the stomach, you can feel the cancer if you touch it. This cancer can also cause bone pain if it has spread.

When present in the spine, it may compress the spinal cord and result in rapid paralysis. When spreading on the bone it can cause an unprovoked fracture, without feeling pain so that the sufferer limps suddenly.

Childhood Neuroblastoma Symptoms


Symptoms depend on the origin of the tumor and the extent of its spread. The initial symptoms are usually an enlarged abdomen, full stomach and abdominal pain. 

Symptoms may also be associated with tumor spread:
  • The spread of cancer to the bone can result in the appearance of bone pain.
  • The spread of cancer to the bone marrow leads to a reduction in platelet counts to the child's bruising, anemia resulting from a deficiency of red blood cells, and vulnerable to infection by lack of white blood cells.
  • Cancer that has spread to the skin can cause the formation of bumps in the skin.
  • The spread of cancer to the lungs results in respiratory distress.

The spread of cancer to the spinal cord may lead to weakness in the arms and legs.
About 90% of neuroblastoma produce hormones (eg epinephrine, which can cause increased heart rate and anxiety).

Other symptoms that may arise, among others:
  • The skin looks pale
  • Black circles appear around the eyes
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive tiredness for weeks or months
  • Excessive sweating
  • Fussy
  • Malaise lasts for weeks or months
  • Uncontrolled eye movements

Cancer in children cannot be prevented because of risk factors and the cause is not known. 

Therefore, parents and health workers need to be aware of the symptoms of cancer in children, especially children aged less than a year cannot complain of pain that he felt. If identified early, the chances to cure the cancer is bigger.
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Symptoms of Kidney cancer in child

Symptoms of Kidney cancer in child


Kidney cancer or Nephroblastoma in children is rare but the possibility to develop this cancer could happen to your child. If cancer symptoms are diagnosed at an early stage, there are still plenty of opportunities to be cured completely.

Childhood-Kidney-cancer


Kidney cancer in children is due to the growth of Wilmstumor or nephroblastomas in the kidneys. In children, kidney cancer affects only one kidney.

Experts believe that the formation of tumors in the kidneys of children has started since in the womb. As the fetus begins to develop in the womb, the tumor also grows simultaneously. The growth of the tumor may be due to exposure to free radicals during pregnancy.

Childhood Kidney cancer Symptoms


As quoted from onlymyhealth (2012), you need to be vigilant if your child starts developing various signs and symptoms of the following kidney cancer:

1. Swelling and abdominal pain
Swelling and abdominal pain are the most common symptoms of kidney cancer in children caused by tumor formation in the kidney of a child. Generally, the tumor will not cause pain if the size is still small.

This causes the difficulty of detecting kidney cancer in the early stages. When the tumor grows and begins to enlarge, it can cause pain in the child's abdomen. The most striking mark is the increase in the size of a child's diaper.

Sometimes there can also be bleeding in the tumor and cause unbearable pain, so the child may be constantly crying.

2. Blood in urine
If the urine of the child is reddish or pink, it may be caused by the presence of blood in it or so-called hematuria.

The presence of blood in the urine is one sign of the development of cancer in the kidney of the child, in which the tumor has infected the kidney cells.

The blood indicates an infection of the excretion process. If the condition arises, immediately check your child's condition to the doctor.

3. Symptoms like flu
Children suffering from kidney cancer generally show flu-like symptoms such as vomiting, fever, nausea, and chills. Children with Wilms tumor also experience loss of appetite and cause weight loss drastically.

If the cancer has developed to infect the respiratory organs such as the lungs, symptoms such as cough and shortness of breath may also occur. Because the symptoms are similar to the common cold, parents usually only treat the flu alone without checking further to the doctor.

4. Fever for no apparent reason

Children who develop kidney cancer will usually have recurrent fevers for no apparent reason. The fever will heal immediately heal by itself, then the child will sweat great and severe fatigue.

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Symptoms of Lymph Cancer in Child

Symptoms of Lymph Cancer in Child

What is Lymph Cancer?


Malignant or lymph node lymphoma is a cancer usually characterized by rapid enlargement and swelling of the lymph nodes without pain. Enlargement can occur in the neck, armpits, groin, intestines. This disease has the highest incidence rate in children aged 5-7 years.

hodgkins-lymphoma-symptoms-child


There are several ways to detect the symptoms of lymphcancer in children, although children should get a blood test first to be more convincing. 

Parents should be aware that there are two types of lymph node cancer in children namely Hodgin cancer and non-Hodgin cancer. 

Both have symptoms that can be detected in children although in some cases not all symptoms are clearly visible.

Symptoms of Lymph Cancer


Symptoms of Hodgkin's lymph node cancer in children are usually seen with: 
  • enlarged glands. Glands located in the neck, armpit, groin and abdomen. 
  • Some patients may feel dizzy, no appetite or itching. 
  • Weight is also reduced and fever will appear. 
Because these symptoms are common in some diseases, parents should talk to their doctor if symptoms do not go away within two weeks.

Symptoms of non-Hodgkin's cancer may indicate with: 
  • swollen glands in the neck, armpit or groin area, may also appear in the abdomen causing extreme pain. 
  • The chest area can also occur swelling that causes shortness of breath. 
  • Other symptoms are fever, weight loss and night sweats.

Symptoms of lymph node cancer in children is a little confusing because the symptoms can also be found in other diseases rather mild like influenza. Since both types of lymph node cancer are uncommon then experts advise patients to be checked further through blood tests in the laboratory. Especially if the symptoms do not disappear within two weeks.


The difference between Hodgkin's lymph node cancer and non-Hodgin is the presence of itching and dry skin that appears in Hodgkin's cancer. 

In non-Hodgkin's cancer does not arise such itching. This itching is usually more severe than a dry, cracked skin. Patients often scratch the surface of the skin with a strong even rough because it can not stand with the itching it caused. 

Symptoms of lymph node cancer in children like that may be the concern of parents to always be vigilant with this disease.
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9 Common Liver Cancer symptoms in Child

9 Common Liver Cancer symptoms in Child


Liver cancer, also known as Hepatoblastoma  can attack anyone, whether children or adults. However, this disease usually affects children from baby to the age of 3 years. If not treated quickly and immediately, this cancer can attack other organs. The main cause of the disease is not specifically known. In general, cancer is caused by genetic factors.

hepatoblastoma-symptoms-child

Liver Cancer symptoms in Children


As mentioned before, if the disease is not treated immediately it will be very dangerous, especially for children who are growing up. We need to know the various symptoms that may be experienced by children with liver cancer. Each child may experience different symptoms. 

The following is a general description of the symptoms of liver cancer in children.

1. The abdomen looks swollen

One sign that is common in children affected by liver cancer is swelling of the abdomen. This is because when liver cancer appears there will be enlargement of the liver, so the stomach looks enlarged.

2. Weight loss and decreased appetite

Children who develop liver cancer will lose weight because of appetite is reduced. This is caused by a difficult body to receive nutrients from food consumed, so the child does not have an appetite.

3. Boys experience early puberty

Puberty is a natural thing for anyone, including children. But it is different if puberty occurs prematurely or early puberty, especially in boys. Keep in mind that the child has liver cancer.

4. Frequent stomach pain

As a result of the swelling of the stomach as described in the previous points of the stomach will often feel pain. Beware and immediately do the examination by an expert  to diagnose liver cancer in the child.

5. Often feel nausea and vomiting

Children affected by liver cancer will often feel nausea and vomiting. Sometimes parents take this trivial phenomenon. When parents see their child often feeling nauseous and vomiting, it is advisable to check the child on a specialist. Because it could be nausea and vomiting is a symptom of liver cancer.

6. The eyes and skin will look yellow

Signs that generally occur due to liver cancer is the eyes and skin looks yellow. If these symptoms have appeared and very clearly visible, you should immediately do the handling and treatment as an effort to prevent and cure liver cancer in children.

7. Frequent fever

Children affected by liver cancer usually will have a fever. Fever that occurs is different from fever in general. When suffering from liver cancer, fever will last long enough. This is caused by the immune system is getting weakened because liver cancer has started to attack.

8. The skin feels itchy

For children suffering from liver cancer, their skin will itch. The itchiness that arises is not known clearly the cause. This itch usually lasts long enough.

9. The blood vessels in the abdomen are enlarged and visible through the skin

Another impact of the enlargement of the liver due to liver cancer is the blood vessels in the stomach enlarge, So that the blood vessels are visible from the abdominal skin of children. 

If symptoms of liver cancer have occurred in children, it is better to consult immediately to a specialist to get proper medication.

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Symptoms of Blood Cancer in Child

Symptoms of Blood Cancer in Child

Symptoms of Blood Cancer in Children

What is Blood Cancer?

Blood Cancer, or commonly known as Leukemia, is a cancer that attacks blood cells in the body and spinal cord. 

symptoms-childhood cancer


This leukemia is a type of cancer that infects all ethnic and human races, of all ages ranging from the ages of children to adults. 

In fact, according to a study 1/3 of the deaths of children under the age of 15 are caused by leukemia. This is of course quite high compared to other types of cancers that may be suffered by children.

Most children do not really feel what pain he suffered. So, you as a parent should be aware the Symptoms.

You need to pay attention if the child shows symptoms of blood cancer. If you can detect the symptoms faster, then, treatment will be given more quickly. For that, let's refer to the following 

Symptoms of leukemia in child:


Pale

Children who have a pale face are often mistaken for anemia. In fact, the cause of this anemia varies. Besides because the child is lack of blood due to lack of nutrition, anemia can also be due to children suffering from leukemia and show symptoms such as ordinary anemia.

Fever continuously

Prolonged fever suffered by children with anemia due to white blood cells and children's body is not normal and cannot perform its function as it should. Be aware if a high fever up to 38 degrees Celsius and often suffered by children.

Have swelling

One of the earliest signs of a child suffering from leukemia is swelling in the lymph nodes. This swelling often occurs in the chest, neck and armpits. This lymph node can experience swelling due to the accumulation of abnormal white blood cells.

Bone pain

For a child suffering from leukemia, he will complain of pain in the bone without cause. This is due to the abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow.

Easy bleeding and bruising

Children with leukemia are often easily injured. This is because their body has trouble in freezing blood. Not only those, children who suffer from leukemia also frequent nosebleeds, and experiencing bleeding gums.

Easy to get infected

Leukemia also makes the body of children susceptible to infection. This is because, white blood cells that are supposed to function to fight germs that enter the body and keep the immune system does not perform normally.

Leukemia Stadium in Children

For blood cancer or leukemia, the following is the stage of cancer experienced by the sufferer:

Stage 1
At this stage, the child usually has raised certain symptoms of leukemia, such as bleeding. In stage 1, a child suffering from leukemia will experience bleeding in case of injury. The injury suffered by leukemia children will be difficult to close and the blood is difficult to freeze. As a result, children can be susceptible to anemia. You may be able to see if your child's blood tends to be pink, as this indicates that the child is beginning to experience the initial symptoms of leukemia

Stage 2
While in stage 2, the leukemia experienced by a child belongs to an advanced stage. Generally, it is in this stage that a new child is brought to consult a doctor about the illness he or she is experiencing. In fact, if new treatments are done at this stage, then treatment will be more difficult.

Stage 3
If leukemia or blood cancer has entered stage 3, then now usually cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes. Usually, in this stage 3 the child will experience swelling or lump in certain areas. Even some organs may show signs of abnormality in this phase. Organ that usually suffers from abnormalities due to cancer is the kidney and heart.

Stage 4
Stage 4 is the final stage of cancer. At this stage, a child suffering from blood cancer or leukemia will show more frequent bleeding symptoms. The child's body is more easily injured. Not only that, children will also be more susceptible to infection as well as shortness of breath. Anemia suffered by children was getting worse, organ damage also continues.


With the rapid spread of blood cancer above, then the early detection of blood cancer or leukemia in children is needed. The faster the parents recognize the symptoms and bring it to the doctor, and then the treatment will be given faster. This can increase the life expectancy and recovery of children with leukemia to heal even higher.

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5 Common Causes of Flatulence in Babies

5 Common Causes of Flatulence in Babies


Sometimes babies can be very fussy and cry without being able to calm easily. One of the causes of this fussy baby is a bloated stomach and feels uncomfortable.

Flatulence in Babies

According to health experts, flatulence in infants with an age range of 3 to 6 months is a very reasonable thing to happen considering that at that age the digestive system has not really perfect so it can cause health problems. So that the baby is not easily exposed to flatulence, it helps parents pay attention to the following things.

1. Food consumed by the mother
When breastfeeding, anything that is consumed by the mother will have a big effect on the health of the baby, especially if the baby only get exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months. For this reason it is better for the mother to avoid the intake of foods that can cause gas like broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, nuts, or onions as this can trigger bloating problems for babies.

2. Breastfeeding techniques
Unexpectedly, a way that is less appropriate feeding was also able to trigger a problem of flatulence for the baby. If we feed the baby with a less precise position like the baby's head position is too low, then it is feared the baby will be exposed to bloating problems.

3. Formula milk
Some babies can not get exclusive breastfeeding in their first six months for various reasons so eventually get formula. Unfortunately, many mothers do not consult a pediatrician or midwife in advance about the selection of this formula so milk consumption eventually triggers flatulenceproblems or even allergies in infants.

4. Use a fan
It's good parents do not carelessly in using a fan or air conditioner in the nursery. If not wise in using it, then the baby can easily experience flatulence.
Not immediately remove the diapers

5. Diaper
Unexpectedly, diapers that have been full or not replaced in a long time it can cause flatulence, allergies, or even irritation of thebaby's skin. Frequently change the baby's diaper so that it does not happen.

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