The benefits of the polio vaccine for children

Polio Vaccine for Children

The benefits of the polio vaccine for child - Vaccination is important to prevent dangerous diseases in  infants and children. One of them is the polio vaccine that included as mandatory vaccination.

The polio vaccine a main treatment to avoid disease poliomyelitis that strikes a nerve. Polio infection causes viruses live in the throat and intestinal tract that can be spread through contact of fluids or feces. Polio can cause paralysis of the body organs and even death.

health benefits of the polio vaccine for children

Schedule for giving polio vaccine for child

There are two types of polio vaccine i.e. oral polio vaccine (OPV), and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). OPV contains live polio virus that weakened so that the body has staying power against the polio virus attacks Whereas IPV use viruses that are no longer active.

Administering the polio vaccine OPV type melted through the mouth, in the meantime, the types of IPV is given via an injection in the arm or leg. To obtain optimal results, then the polio vaccine should be given at four times; the baby is 2 months 4 months, and 6-18 months. Then, one dose is given at the time of children aged 4-6 years.

Despite the granting of a polio vaccine in infants or children too late, then it can be continued up to the full dose. Remember, the polio vaccine does not need to be repeated from the beginning.

If after vaccine polio, the child feels pain or fever, consult a doctor about administering medication pain reliever such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Specific to the type of polio vaccine, IPV administering these vaccines can cause red spots that feel pain at the site of injection.

The same with other drugs, the polio vaccine also has a risk of triggering allergies and other health problem but side effect affected by this vaccine is low and easy to cured. It is advisable to postpone polio vaccine or not given if known allergic reaction occurred on the polio vaccine before. Or your child is known to have severe allergies against neomycin, streptomycin and polymyxin B.

The Polio vaccine to Adults

Polio can strike at any age. If there are adults who have never completely got the polio vaccine, then it can get three doses of polio vaccine with the distance between the first and second dose about 1-2 months. Then, the distance between the second and the third dose 6-12 months.

In addition, there are three groups of adults who require polio vaccine because of the high risk of experiencing contact with the polio virus. First, the adults who often traveled to the region many of have known the cases of polio.

Second, the laboratory workers handling specimens that is likely to contain polio virus. 

Third, the health workers who take care of patients infected with polio. For adults in that category, it is recommended to consult a physician about the possibility of acquiring the polio vaccine.

Avoid the risk of a dangerous polio virus infected with vaccinations. Meet the polio vaccine schedules in accordance with the advice of the doctor's treatment guidelines.

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