Preeclampsia Treatment before Delivery

What is Preeclampsia?

Preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder marked by hypertension and high protein content in the urine. This condition may harm other organs, such as kidneys, liver, and eyes.

Knowing the causes and symptoms of Preeclampsia can reduce the harmful risk to the mother and fetus as well as you can prepare Preeclampsia Treatment and prevention needed before it is getting worse. Preeclampsia usually appears in the age of fetus more than 20 weeks.

Preeclampsia Treatment before Delivery

Eclampsia is a condition of preeclampsia that are accompanied by seizures. This can be fatal for the mother and fetus, it can even cause death. For babies, preeclampsia can lead to premature birth and baby's stunted growth. Therefore it is important for pregnant women to find out the symptoms, causes, and how to prevent and cope with preeclampsia.

The Cause of Preeclampsia before delivery

The placenta is one of the important organs that serve to distribute the blood from the mother to the baby in the womb. The preeclampsia is allegedly caused by impaired development of the placenta due to problem in the blood vessels which is as the supplier of the placenta. Genetic factor or the presence of a family history that ever experienced preeclampsia also play a role in the mechanism of the disease. However, the exact cause of this condition is not fully understood.

In normal circumstances, the placenta blood supply gets many and constant to support the development of the baby. However, in the conditions of the preeclampsia, the placenta is allegedly not getting enough blood. This results in impaired blood supply to the baby.

Other factors that may affect the preeclampsia are:

  • First pregnancy
  • Ever experienced preeclampsia in previous pregnancies
  • Have other medical problems, namely hypertension, diabetes, and lupus
  • Getting pregnant in More than 40 years of age
  • Spacing pregnancies more than 10 years from previous pregnancies
  • Obesity in early pregnancy

The symptoms of Preeclampsia before delivery

Preeclampsia rarely accompanied by certain symptoms in most cases, then pregnant women need to do pregnancy checks regularly and check their blood pressure.

High blood pressure can be an early symptom of preeclampsia. Beware if blood pressure reach 140/90 mm/Hg or greater.

Other symptoms that may occur include headaches, experiencing great disturbances of vision, sensitivity to light, shortness of breath, nausea, and vomiting. In addition, pain may occur in the upper abdomen, below the right ribs.

Treatment of Preeclampsia before delivery

for the treatment, If a pregnant woman is detected experiencing preeclampsia, the doctor will do an examination more often than the usual routine examination. The doctor will also do some tests to find out the condition of the baby in the womb.

if the age of pregnancy is no longer too young, the doctor will usually recommend to do process of childbirth confinement more quickly so as not to endanger the conditions of the mother and the baby in the womb.

However, if the fetus is still too young and preeclampsia has been detected at early stages, the doctor will do some procedures to resolve it. The following are some of ways that can be done to overcome the preeclampsia.

Decreasing blood pressure of preeclampsia patient. On conditions of preeclampsia blood pressure will be increase, so it needs treatment that can lower blood pressure or are called antihypertensive. Not all antihypertensive drugs safe for pregnant women. So before taking the drug, discuss it first with your doctor.

Seizure reduction Drug. Magnesium sulfate is often used to resolve and prevent seizures. The doctor will prescribe this if preeclampsia classified as high alert condition.

Corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are normally granted if pregnant women experiencing preeclampsia condition or HELLP syndrome (hemolytic, increasing liver enzymes, and low platelet levels). Corticosteroids can improve the function of platelets and liver to prevent childbirth too early. In addition, corticosteroids can also help to ripen the baby's lungs so that if it has to be born premature, the baby can breathe properly.

Hospitalization. In case of severe preeclampsia, it's likely the doctor will ask to hospitalize the patient so that doctors can easily control the condition of pregnant women, babies in the womb, and amniotic fluid levels. The lack of amniotic fluid is a sign of problems with the blood supply in the baby.

It is important for a pregnant woman to do the pregnancy checks regularly. the goal was to be able to continue monitoring the health conditions of the mother and the baby so the pregnancy disorder such as preeclampsia can be treated since very beginning.

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