Health Benefits of Iron Supplements for Pregnancy

Iron for Pregnancy Supplements 

Iron is a nutrient that plays an important role in human growth since in the womb.

Health Benefits of Iron Supplements for Pregnancy

Why Iron Important?

Iron is an essential part of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the component of red blood cells that play a role in carrying oxygen from the lungs throughout the body and carry carbon dioxide back to the lungs for expulsion.

Healthy nutrition

Irregular eating habit can cause your body lacks Iron supply. If iron levels decrease, the body's ability to produce healthy red blood cells decreases, too. This condition is called anemia due to iron deficiency. If this condition is ignored, it can lead to the decrease of organs performance and immune defenses.

While in pregnant women, a shortage of red blood cells can cause delays or even interference with the growth of the fetus, including brain and nerves.

Lack of iron can cause anemia so that the sufferer began to limp and lethargic. Our bodies basically get the iron needs from food consumed. Therefore, it is very important for us to choose a varied diet that our body basic needs for vitamins and minerals can be fulfilled.

Detecting For Iron Deficiency

Approximately 50% of pregnant women estimated to have iron deficiency. Approximately 40% of women and 35% of preschool children are anemic. Basically, women are more prone to anemia than men. that's why Iron Supplements for Pregnant women is really important.

Generally, iron deficiency caused by the following factors:

Blood loss is a major cause of iron deficiency body. At the beginning of bleeding, the body still has reserves of iron to treat the condition. But if left untreated, iron stores began to decline and eventually anemia. Blood deficiency can be caused by excessive monthly menstruation, injury to the wall of the stomach, hemorrhoids or when donating blood in excessive amounts.

The growing need for iron
The iron requirement is different in each  growth stages. In adolescence, iron requirements reach the highest level. At the time of pregnancy, women will need extra iron for fetal growth. This requirement often cannot be met only by the consumption of food, so it is necessary also iron supplements.

Lack of consuming foods containing iron
There are two forms of iron that are absorbed from the food you eat.
Heme: derived from hemoglobin. Generally found in animal foods such as meat, poultry, red meat, and fish.
Non-heme: found in plant foods such as green leafy vegetables. Among others, spinach and dried fruits.
Heme iron is more easily absorbed than non-heme iron derived from plant sources. Absorption will also be easier if the metal mixture of food consumed by the support of vitamin C that is widely available in fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, oranges, mangoes, and broccoli.

Decreased absorption rate

In the group of elderly people, the iron cannot be absorbed well  because of decreased gastric acid secretion in the stomach as in a state of atrophic gastritis, antacid consumption in the long term, and the level of chronic diarrhea.

Some of certain foods and drinks contain ingredients that can reduce the body's ability to absorb nutrients iron such as Phytate and oxalate-rich foods such as nuts, chocolate and strawberry.
Tannin content as in teas and wines.

What foods are high in iron for pregnancy?

Food Rich in Nutrients Iron
Here are some foods and levels of iron contained in a dosing cup or gram:
Spinach (1 cup): 6.45 mg.
Tofu (113 mg): 6.4 mg.
Tempe (1 cup): 4.5 mg.
Soy beans (1 cup): 8.8 mg.
75 g of beef liver: 4.8 mg.
75 g chicken livers: 9.2 mg.
75 g oyster: 6.2 mg

For most pregnant women, increased iron needs must be supported by supplementation. Generally, doctors prescribe iron supplements in the form of ferrous sulfate, ferrous fumerat, or ferrous gluconate.

Iron supplements side effects

 Stomach upsets and constipation is a side effect that can be caused by the consumption of iron supplements. Always ask your doctor about how to use them.

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