Sinusitis Causes and treatment in Children

Most cases of acute sinusitis are caused by viral infections that don't need medical treatment. it can be cured by itself in several days. but if the sinus infection causes by structural abnormalities of the sinus, then the further treatment will be needed. usually, Doctor will suggests surgical operation to cope with this problem.

What is sinusitis?

 Sinusitis is inflammation in cavity in the bones around the nose, cheekbones, behind the eyes and forehead that is connected to the nose through a small hole.

Sinusitis Causes and treatment in Children

The causes of sinusitis

What can cause a sinus infection in children?

The common causes of sinusitis are viral or bacterial infection in the sinuses causing sinus surface to swell and block the holes that drain the mucus. This led to the gathering of mucus in the nose and sinus cavities.

  • Substances that can cause irritation, such as smoke, air pollution, chemicals such as pesticides, disinfectants and detergents.

  • Cystic fibrosis, which is a genetic disorder that causes the body to produce thick, sticky mucus thereby increasing the risk of infection.

  • Allergies: rhinitis (inflammation of the lining of the nose), asthma and hay fever (pollen allergy).
  • The weakening of the immune system.

  • Narrowing of the nasal passages: This could be due to structural abnormalities of the nasal bone at birth such as the deviation of the nasal septum or due to external trauma which resulted in facial injuries. The presence of tumors or polyps, which form a mass of tissue that grows inside the nose may also cause narrowing of the nasal passages. If mucus or nasal mucus to collect in the area are narrowed, this can lead to sinus infections.

Sinusitis symptoms

If it happens more than 10 days and / or worsens after a little better, so your children have sinusitis. 

Symptoms of sinusitis can be divided into four groups according to length takes place, namely:

Acute sinusitis. Have symptoms that arise suddenly and last up to 14 days, even a month. Some of the symptoms are the appearance of mucus or mucus yellow or green from the nose, headaches, pain in the face, especially around the eyes, cheeks, nose and forehead that feels more powerful when bent, impaired sense of smell, cough, runny nose, fever, halitosis , fatigue, and toothache. Sinusitis usually appear after upper respiratory tract infections, such as colds and flu.

Subacute sinusitis. Sinus inflammation that persists for 1 to 3 months.

Chronic Sinusitis. Some of the symptoms are runny nose or it feels stuffy, pus in the nasal cavity and discolored nasal discharge, fever, face feels full, and fever. Sinusitis condition is said to be bad when pain, redness, and swelling around the eyes and forehead, severe headache, high fever, double vision, stiff neck, and confusion. Symptoms of inflammation of the sinuses that appeared last up to 3 months or more.
Sinusitis Offenders. Usually it will recur several times in one year.

Sinusitis In Children

Children with sinusitis will feel irritable, no appetite, and breathe through the mouth. Their voices will sound nasal. It was like they suffered a heavy cold for sinus closed. If such symptoms appear, take your child to see a doctor.

complications of sinusitis in children

Diseases That Can Appear Due to Complications Sinusitis Patients with acute sinusis are not treated  properly will develop complications, ie chronic sinusitis.
When chronic sinusitis also not handled properly, then it will also be complications include:

  •  If the infection spreads to the walls of the brain, can cause meningitis.
  • Damage to the sense of smell in part or entirely.
  •  Problems in vision. Reduced vision or even blindness.
  • Triggering the emergence of skin or bone infection.

Treatment of Sinusitis in children

Medical Treatment for Sinus Infection

Most cases of acute sinusitis are caused by viral infections can be cured by itself. To relieve symptoms, patients only need to do some handling steps, namely:

  • saline nasal spray. Patients are advised to spray the saline nasal spray several times a day to their nose to clear the nasal passages. The nasal spray is a mixture of 400 milliliters of boiled water, one teaspoon salt and one teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda.
  • Pain killer. 
  • decongestants. Consult your doctor before taking decongestants. These drugs can not be used more than a week.
  • Corticosteroids nose, serve to prevent and deal with inflammation.
If acute sinusitis caused by allergies, the patient usually also require immunotherapy to help reduce the body's reaction to a substance that makes allergy sufferers.

While the treatment of chronic sinusitis is usually intended to reduce the inflammation of the sinuses, keeping the nasal passages remain dry, eliminating the cause, reducing the attacks of sinusitis.

Some treatment for relieving the symptoms of chronic sinusitis are:

  • Saline nasal irrigation, can reduce the accumulation of fluid and clean the irritants and allergies.
  • Warm compresses, helps relieve pain in sinuses and nasal cavity.
  • Decongestant nasal sprays and drops, follow the doctor's instructions usage period.
  • Sometimes antibiotics sisnusitis required if the cause is a bacterial infection. Just as acute sinusitis, your doctor will give immunotherapy if sinusitus caused allergic reactions.
If the treatment were made to cure the condition of chronic sinusitis, usually due to structural abnormalities of the sinus. Then the doctor can take steps sinus surgery or BSEF. The operation is very effective in reducing symptoms.

The operation procedure will be performed under general anesthesia for the patient, but this surgery can also be performed under local anesthesia. The patient's nose will be numbed.

When the surgery, the surgeon will insert an endoscope into the nose. Endoscope is a small tube with a camera lens at the tip to enlarge the view from inside the nose. Doctors can see the open part of the sinus drainage channels.

After this, the surgeon will perform: Removal of tissue, such as nasal polyps which block sinus tract.
Pumping small balloon to open the drainage channels of the sinus. This process is better known as dilatation balloon catheter.

This operation aims to improve sinus drainage ability and help sinus function normally again. The surgeon will insert the implant could eventually dissolve by itself. These implants will keep the sinuses remain open and be able to deliver steroid mometasone directly into the sinus wall.

Natural treatment to get rid of a sinus infection

How do you get rid of a sinus infection naturally?
It turned out that sinusitis can also be overcome by utilizing natural ingredients that can be made, in addition to using prescription drugs, including:

  • White Wood Oil / Eucalyptus Oil
In eucalyptus oil substances contained compound cineole, which can fight a sinus infection. Drinking eucalyptus oil at a dose of 200 mg every 3 times a day. This can speed recovery in patients with acute sinusitis.

When the eucalyptus oil is used in a steam inhalation, it can also help relieve nasal congestion. And also also has antibacterial properties and acts as an expectorant which helps clear mucus from the respiratory tract.

  • Essential Oils / monoterpenes
Use essential oils which have been proven to be effective to help fight the symptoms of sinusitis. Actually, the essential oil is a combination of essential oils that help treat respiratory diseases.

  • Radish
Besides for groceries horseradish is also believed to help in diluting and dissolving mucus caused by a sinus infection. On its own horseradish contained sulfur compounds that can kill germs that cause sinusitis while nettle contains natural antihistamine and anti-inflammatory that opens the bronchial tubes and the narrowing of the nasal passages.

  • Diet
Another way that you can use that with a special diet like drinking orange juice and eating citrus fruits. In addition, eating foods that contain lots of vitamin C can also help build up the body's resistance to infection. For patients with sinusitis, drink water every day at least 8 glasses of that fluid or mucus in the sinus cavities curdling.

  • Salt water
When they wanted to use salt water nasal wash that aims to keep the nasal passages remain open and remove mucus and bacteria from the nose. In addition to gargle using warm salt water can also help reduce sinusitis. And also keep in mind while water use warm baths do not use very cold water because it will aggravate your sinusitis.

That some of which can be tried in a natural way with a prescription to cure sinusitis in children, it would not hurt if you do well with natural herbal way. May be useful.

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