Allergic Rhinitis Treatment in Children

Does your child often sneezing along with colds in the morning?
Surprisingly, these symptoms disappear before noon and will be repeated the next day. If so, it could be your child is suffering from allergic rhinitis. to relieve the symptom of Allergic Rhinitis in Children, you can provide home treatment that you can do by yourself such as by cleansing nose channel routinely or by giving save medicines for children such as decongestants and antihistamines.

Allergic Rhinitis Treatment in Children


Actually, allergy is a reaction of the body's defense mechanism against a substance or material that is normally not harmful to the body, it may even be beneficial to the individual. This reaction is sometimes excessive, causing itchy skin, sneezing or swelling in limbs. Almost all the objects around us can trigger reactions of allergy. As parent you should always alert so that you can provide a good Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis in your Children.

What is Allergic Rhinitis?

According to WHO ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma) 2001, allergic rhinitis is a disorder of the nose with symptoms of sneezing, rhinorrhea (fluid from the nasal passages), nasal itching and nasal mucosa after exposure to an allergen.

Allergic rhinitis was generally caused by the interaction of patients who have genetic potential environmental allergies. Genetic clearly has an important role. If both parents are atopic, the risk of atopy to four times or more to reach 50%.

Generally, allergic rhinitis affects children of school age and can last until adulthood if not treated properly. The incidence of allergic rhinitis in the world varies and can reach 40% of the population in children.

Allergic rhinitis can be troublesome not only children, but also around it. Therefore, it is important for parents to know the signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis in children.

Symptoms and Signs of allergic rhinitis


  • Itchy nose and eyes
  • Sneezing Repeatedly
  • Nasal discharge may (snot) aqueous
  • Nasal congestion

Nasal congestion can occur bilaterally, unilaterally or alternately. Mouth breathing symptoms often occur at night which can cause symptoms of dry throat, snoring, sleep disturbances, and fatigue during the day. Other symptoms may include nasal voice, disturbances of smell and taste, as well as the symptoms of sinusitis. Symptoms combination of sneezing, runny nose, and nasal congestion is a symptom that most felt intrusive and annoying.


What are the causes of allergic rhinitis?

The most frequent causes of allergic rhinitis are allergens (substances trigger allergies) that inhalant allergens that enter the body by inhalation or through the respiratory tract. Allergens are most commonly found in allergic rhinitis in tropical countries in general are house dust mites, animal dander, and cockroaches. Food allergens are rarely the originator of allergic rhinitis.

Determination of allergens causing allergic rhinitis can be done through a history of childhood diseases and can be powered by an allergy test either through blood or skin test. It should be considered in addition to allergens is a problem pollutants such as cigarette smoke can damage the respiratory tract. Pollutants can aggravate allergic airway diseases such as asthma and allergic rhinitis.

Complications of allergic rhinitis

Rhinitis has led to the risk of complications, but it is uncommon. Here is a rhinitis complication that may occur.

Sinusitis. Infection occurs because the mucus cannot drain from the sinuses due to swelling and inflammation of the nasal cavity.

Middle ear infections. The ear is located behind the eardrum can become infected as a result of rhinitis.

Nasal polyps. The tissue that grows in the hole nasal cavity and sinuses due to inflammation of the lining of the nasal cavity wall.

Prevention of rhinitis in children

Rhinitis can be prevented by avoiding triggers that can cause symptoms of rhinitis, for example, to avoid polluted environment or exposed to smoke. Allergens like dust mites are hard to see and can breed even in a very clean, it is difficult to avoid. Here are some things you can do to help avoid the most common allergens.

House dust mites

House dust mites are microscopic insects that breed in household dust and is one of the main causes of allergies. Here are some things you can do to limit the number of mites in the house.
Clean by washing or using a vacuum cleaner, items such as curtains, cushions, furniture upholstery, and a child's doll regularly.
Do not wipe with a dry cloth items because it can spread allergens, but use a clean damp cloth to remove dust.
Use blankets made of acrylic and pillows are made from synthetic materials.
We recommend avoiding the use of carpet to cover the floor, choose a hard vinyl or wood.
Use the roller blind that is easy to clean.
Focus control dust mites in the bedroom and the living room because you spend more time in the area.

Mold spores

Mold spores are allergens that are released by a mold that grows on the outside and inside the house when the temperature rises suddenly in a humid environment.
There are several ways you can do to prevent mold spores, which are:
Do not insert the clothes are too dense or damp clothes to the closet and do not dry the clothes in an enclosed area.
Use a vacuum that sucks air out and open the window but the door should always be closed when you cook or take a shower so that the humid air does not spread throughout the room in the house.
Troubleshoot condensation and humidity inside the house.
Make sure your home is well ventilated and always keep the house in dry conditions.

Pet

Allergic reactions can occur if you have pets or visit homes that have pets. This occurs because the skin is exposed exfoliation skin animals, feces and dry urine, not because pet dander.
We recommend that you do not keep a pet if you have a risk of developing allergies. Below are some pointers that might help you cope.
Bathe your pet regularly, at least every two weeks.
Wash all soft furnishings and bed linens that have ridden your pet.
Limit your pet in a room that did not have carpet in it or keep it as much as possible being outdoors.

Allergic Rhinitis treatment in Children

You can do the treatment of rhinitis at home if the symptoms are not too severe with drugs that are sold freely, such as decongestants and antihistamines. Antihistamines are useful for relieving allergy symptoms, such as stuffy or runny nose and sneezing. But if severe to affect daily activities, see your doctor.

Be sure to read the user guide on the packaging or see your doctor if your child suffering from rhinitis, because not all drugs for rhinitis can be used by children.


Here are some treatments that can be done to cope with rhinitis.

Drugs

You can use drugs to relieve symptoms commonly occur in rhinitis, but cannot seem to cure the allergy. Use of the drug should be stopped immediately if symptoms have improved. If after two weeks of using the drugs, but there is no reaction, see your doctor.

Here is a medication that can be used to relieve the symptoms of rhinitis:
Nasal decongestants. These drugs can be used to help relieve nasal congestion, but should not be used for more than six days because it can actually aggravate your nasal blockage. Nasal decongestants available in capsules, liquid medicines, nasal sprays, tablets, and most are sold freely. If you're taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) for depression, it is forbidden to use a nasal decongestant.

Antihistamines. Histamine is released by the body during an allergic can be inhibited by antihistamines available in tablet form and is commonly sold over the counter in pharmacies. Note the way the user because sometimes antihistamines can cause drowsiness.

Corticosteroids. This drug has a more lasting effect than antihistamines, but longer to react. Corticosteroids may help relieve swelling and inflammation.

Immunotherapy (Allergy Injection)

Immunotherapy is usually done if other treatments are less effective or cause side effects. Immunotherapy is done by injecting the allergen on the upper arm gradually. The goal is to introduce and familiarize the body to allergens. Thus, the body will not rely on drugs to relieve allergies.

Immunotherapy has risks that can cause serious allergic reactions, which is why this therapy should be carried out under the supervision of trained specialists.
furthermore, Immunotherapy can also help prevent the development of asthma in children.

Allergic rhinitis natural treatment in children

Cleaning Channel Nose
To help keep the nose free of irritants, you can clear the nasal passages regularly with salt water solution that can be made by yourself or use a product that can be bought in pharmacies.
How to make a brine solution at home is very easy. You simply cook about 500 ml of water to the boil, then wait until the temperature is lukewarm, then mix one teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate and one teaspoon of salt. Please note, do not wash your nose when the water is still hot.

Nasal wash can be done by standing in front of the sink, poured a solution into the palm of his hand, then sipped nostril each one in turn. You do not need to spend the whole solution, but enough is repeated until your nose feels comfortable. If necessary, you can do this as often as possible, but do not use the remaining solution from the previous process. You must create a new solution every wanted to wash the nose.

Some solutions may be through the back of the nose and into the throat. You do not need to worry if you swallow the solution because it is not harmful, but try to get it out as much as possible.

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