Home Remedy for Food Poisoning

What is Food Poisoning?

Food poisoning is a condition that occurs because of eating food that has been contaminated by infectious organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Besides it can be because of the toxins they spend on food. Contamination can occur when food is being processed or cooked improperly. Home Remedy practice for Food Poisoning is really helpful as first quick Treatment .

Home Remedy for Food Poisoning

The Fact about Food Poisoning

American Association of Poison Control Centers as stated by CDC estimates that each year roughly 1 in 6 Americans or 48 million people get sick, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die of food-borne diseases because of food poisoning. (American Association of Poison Control Centers: 2015, www.aapcc.org)

Contamination that commonly occur in cases of food poisoning caused by:

Bacteria such as Campylobacter, salmonella, Escherichia coli (E. coli), Listeria and Shigella.
Viruses such as norovirus and rotavirus.

Parasites, such as Cryptosporidium, Entamoeba histolytica, and Giardia.

Here are some examples of foods that are easily contaminated if not handled, stored, or processed properly.

  • Raw meat
  • Milk.
  • Fast food, such as a piece of cooked meat, soft cheeses, and sandwich packaging.
  • Raw eggs.
  • Shellfish raw.

Symptoms of Food Poisoning

Symptoms of food poisoning can be started some time after the meal up to three days after eating contaminated food. Symptoms that commonly occur include:

  • Feeling nausea and vomiting.
  • Experiencing diarrhea.
  • pain or stomach cramps.

The Cause of The food poisoning

Food contamination caused by certain infectious organisms can occur at any stage, for example during the production process, storage, shipping, or when preparing it. The easiest contaminated food is a kind of raw food and ready meals because the food is not cooked it could contain harmful organisms were not yet dead.

Here are some conditions that can cause food contamination, namely:

The food is not cooked until done. Although it is ripe, do not put it into the refrigerator and even allowed in ordinary air temperature for too long.

The occurrence of cross-contamination, that is, when the transmission of the organism continues to spread through food, surfaces and equipment.

Eating food that touched by people who are sick or dirty hands.

The main causes of food contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Below is a food contamination caused by bacteria:

Campylobacter. This type of bacteria commonly found in raw or undercooked meat, milk and water that is not treated properly. The incubation period is caused by bacteria is between 2-5 days. Symptoms will last less than seven days.

Salmonella. These bacteria are often found in raw meat or undercooked meat, eggs, milk, and other dairy products. The incubation period is 12-72 hours due to salmonella. Symptoms last for 4-7 days.

Escherichia coli (E. coli). Cases of bacterial infection is most common after eating undercooked meat, such as minced meat, and meatballs. It could also be found in unpasteurized milk. The incubation period is 1 day to a week. Symptoms persist for several days to several weeks.

Clostridium botulinum (C. botulinum). These bacteria can be found in canned foods contaminated. This bacterium causes paralysis of the muscles of the body due to their toxic to nerves. The incubation period is 18-36 hours.

Listeria. These bacteria are found in fast food, for example in the packaging sandwiches, sliced meats and cheeses. Especially for pregnant women should be careful with this bacterial infection due to risk of causing a miscarriage and other serious pregnancy complications. The incubation period ranging from several days to several weeks. Signs will be completed within three days.

Shigella. These bacteria can appear on any food washed with contaminated water. Symptoms usually appear seven days after the bacteria enter the body and lasts about one week. These bacteria cause dysentery.

Food Poisoning Prevention 

According to the Food Standards Agency (FSA) in the UK there are more than 500,000 cases of food poisoning were reported. Perhaps you judge, if poisoning could only happen in restaurants, cafes or food outlets. However, poisoning can also occur in the food provided at home. Therefore, consider the tips to reduce the risk of poisoning in the home as mentioned below.

  • Cook the meat properly
  • Cooking meat with a variety of perfectly ripe can reduce the risk of food poisoning at home. Make sure when cooking meat, poultry, sausage or beef in a state of steaming hot, the meat has changed color and leaves no pink meat. This is important because raw meat is most contagious to bad bacteria that are harmful to the body.
  • Pay attention to the expiration date
  • When buying food, make sure you buy a product that has an expiration date that is long enough. Not only that, carefully check the inventory at home as well.
  • Use separated cutting tool. Use separated cutting tools for raw food and food that has been cooked. Because, raw foods can contain harmful bacteria that is easily spread if touched other foods. Be sure to always wash thoroughly after using knives.
  • Washing hands. The hand is a media that is very easy to spread the virus or bacteria. After washing raw foods, touching the garbage, going to the toilet or touching a pet, try to immediately wash your hands with soap and rinse with warm water. This is done to anticipate the transfer of bacteria through the hands.

Sometimes you do not know if the food they buy is safe or not, so it can not eliminate the risk of poisoning when eating. All foods are naturally must contain a small amount of bacteria. But because the cooking process that are less mature or improper storage can cause bacteria to multiply in large enough quantities and cause food poisoning if consumed.

Treatment of Food Poisoning

Food poisoning usually do not require special treatment and those affected will recover on its own after a few days. Because of the common symptoms of food poisoning are vomiting and diarrhea, you should try to avoid dehydration. Be sure to drink plenty of water to replace lost body fluids.

Recognize signs

Symptoms of food poisoning vary depending on the source of contamination, but in general symptoms that appear are diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, and dehydration. When the body is dehydrated, the patient will feel dizzy when standing and heart rate will be faster. When the food poisoning occurs, the body will naturally try to remove these toxins through the mechanism of vomiting and diarrhea. This will make the body become dehydrated if it lasts a long time, and can cause the body to become weak. It is therefore very important to increase fluid intake to maintain body condition so as not to dehydrate.

Avoid Drugs Diarrhea

The first instinct when someone suffered food poisoning is taking medication to reduce the frequency of occurrence of vomiting and diarrhea. Medication to stop the vomiting are allowed to drink, but unlike the case with diarrhea drug because it can result in unfavorable side effects.

How do you treat food poisoning at home?

Limit Solid Foods

The body is food poisoning, eat solid foods will trigger vomiting and diarrhea. So it's better to avoid eating large meals until the body returns to its original state. Eat porridge, soup, or a banana.

Enough rest

The body will feel fatigue after experiencing symptoms of food poisoning. Try to get enough sleep in order to restore the condition of the body more quickly.
You are advised to rest sufficiently and still eat snacks and low-fat. So that symptoms are not getting worse, avoid alcohol, caffeinated drinks, carbonated beverages, spicy foods, and fatty foods.

Call Doctors

Food poisoning can usually be recovered within 48 hours, if the existing symptoms persist, contact your physician to check your state. For the elderly, infants and severe food poisoning, the first action is best to immediately brought to the nearest health institution.

How do you check for food poisoning?

You need to get further treatment. Further testing and diagnosis will also be necessary to determine the cause of the symptoms experienced. If the test results stating you are exposed to a bacterial infection, you will be given antibiotic drugs to cope with it.
To stop vomiting severe enough, anti-emetics can be administered to cope. Sometimes treatment in hospital for a few days needs to be done to get more scrutiny, as well as providing direct fluids through an IV.

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