Hypertension in Pregnancy Treatment Guidelines

Not all women experience pregnancy smoothly. There are things that can interfere with the health of pregnant women. One of them is exposed to hypertension or high blood pressure. to cope with this condition, it needs accurate Treatment Guidelines for Hypertension in Pregnancy.

What is hypertension in pregnancy?

Hypertension in Pregnancy Treatment GuidelinesHypertension in pregnancy is actually a common thing in pregnant women. About 10 percent of pregnant women experience this condition during pregnancy. With proper care, hypertension will not develop or be dangerous and will disappear after the birth. But if left untreated, hypertension can lead to conditions preeclampsia that is accompanied by the presence of protein in the urine.

What is considered high blood pressure during pregnancy?

A woman is said to have hypertension in pregnancy if blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg. There are some types of hypertension in pregnancy, such as chronic hypertension, chronic hypertension with praeklamsia, gestational hypertension, and eclampsia praeklamsia.

Chronic hypertension. If hypertension occurs before you become pregnant or five months before pregnancy, then the condition is called chronic hypertension. Most women do not know she suffered chronic hypertension because it causes no symptoms. Without realizing it will carry over when you are pregnant.

Chronic hypertension with preeclampsia. It is a chronic condition where hypertension is not treated properly or had deteriorated so up until now pregnant. Protein is also found in your urine.
Gestational hypertension. You experience this type of hypertension when blood pressure increases after five months of pregnancy. There is no protein in the urine or signs of organ damage in the body when you suffer from gestational hypertension.

Preeclampsia. The three conditions mentioned above could potentially turn into preeclampsia, especially if it is not handled properly. This condition is the presence of high blood pressure that cause damage to organs in the body and the discovery of protein in the urine. This condition usually occurs after five months of pregnancy.

Signs of preeclampsia in pregnancy

Signs you get into this stage is to feel an unbearable headache, abdominal pain upper right, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, vision faded, decreased amount of urine, decreased platelet levels, or liver is not functioning properly.
Eclampsia. Eclampsia occurs when pregnant women with the condition praeklamsia seizures. This is the worst condition related to hypertension in pregnancy.

Preeclampsia more likely to occur in women who are first-time pregnant, containing at a young age under 20 years, or get pregnant at old age over 40 years, has a mother (biological or in-laws) or a relative with a history of hypertension related to pregnancy, overweight, carrying twins, or have a history of chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or kidney problems.

What is the effect of high blood pressure in pregnancy?

The effect of high blood pressure in pregnancy or Hypertension if not handled properly can cause negative impacts for the baby and yourself.
Reduced blood flow to the placenta. These conditions can make the baby does not get enough oxygen and nutrients.

Stunted fetal growth. Fetuses do not receive enough oxygen and nutrients can inhibit the growth of fetuses, infants born with low birth weight or premature birth.

Premature birth. For the sake of saving your life and the little one, sometimes the doctor will recommend birth prematurely. By aplying induction or caesarean procedures. This is done to prevent eclampsia and other complications.

Placental abruption. It is a condition where the placenta separates from the uterine wall before delivery. If this happens, you will be damaged placenta. You will also experience excessive bleeding. Both of these can endanger your life and the Small.
The baby died in the womb. This condition can occur during pregnancy five months or more. Baby dies in the womb because they do not get the things that are needed, such as oxygen and nutrients, should babies conceived by mothers with normal blood pressure.

The development of cardiovascular disease. If you've reached the stage preeclampsia, then you run the risk of cardiovascular disease after giving birth, especially if you give birth prematurely. But you can minimize the risk by living a healthy lifestyle after giving birth.

Treatments of hypertension in pregnancy 

If you develop hypertension during pregnancy, keep your health is good and right. Regularly went to the gynecologist so that your condition is maintained.

When you suffer from hypertension, your doctor will give you medication to lower your blood pressure. You do not have to worry about the drug would affect the fetus you because there are some blood pressure-lowering drugs are safe for consumption by pregnant women.

Similarly follow all instructions and drink the recommended dose of a doctor. Do not stop taking or change the dose without the supervision of a doctor. Also avoid herbal remedies that according to the trust can help lower your blood pressure without strong scientific evidence.

Remember, pregnancy is a period prone to danger. Therefore always apply a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy, such as exercising regularly, eating nutritious foods, such as vegetables, fruits, lean meats and low-fat milk. Avoid foods that contain high salt. Also avoid smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages.

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