Impetigo Treatment in Babies

What is impetigo?

Impetigo is an infection of the skin surface with the characteristics of the golden - colored crust. These infections are of most common skin disease in children after eczema and warts. Treatment for Impetigo in Babies must be done by skin health specialist. so, you see the impetigo symptoms, immediately address your baby to Doctor.

Sladden MJ, Johnston GA: Impetigo is one of the most common skin infection in children. Most often attack aged 2-6 years old children and it Spreads through direct contact to the patient. (Common skin infections in children. BMJ 2004;329;95-99)

Impetigo Treatment in Babies

It most often attacks 2-6 years old children. Spread through direct contact, such as by holding the crust. Germs can also be lodged in the nostril, causing a relapse. In addition, children who have eczema are also often affected by this infection.

Impetigo has two characteristics. The first is infection preceded by resilient or boils that broke formed a golden crust. Usually this type is not accompanied by fever, often on the face and limbs area, and can be transmitted around it. The second is characterized by bubbles like dew drops on the skin filled with fluid, or large bubbles such as burns. Impetigo is accompanied by systemic symptoms such as fever or feeling unwell, pain, and quickly spread. Often found on the muzzle or around the folds of the body.

Type Impetigo in Babies

Impetigo is a highly contagious disease but it can heal by itself. However, it is better immediately take medication to prevent the spread and infection is getting worse.

Impetigo has several types; the following are types of impetigo:

  • Impetigo Contagiosa

This type of impetigo has red sores on the face and often appear in the mouth and nose. On this kind of infection the wounds will quickly break, watery and had pus in the wound, even in dry conditions will have browned. Impetigo Contagiosa does not cause fever but swelling of the lymph nodes. Impetigo is contagious so that the spread of infection into the body more easily.

  • Bullous Impetigo

This type of infection is common in children under 2 years old. Eventhough the bubbles filled with fluid can blister quickly. The Wound infection can become raw and take a long time to recover than other types of impetigo. Parts of the body which are often attacked by bullous impetigo is the body, legs and arms.

  • Ecthyma

Types of impetigo that can attack the skin dermis. Symptoms of impetigo in babies who have this type will feel painful wound, has a liquid or pus. The scars will be difficult to recover even though it could even lead to swelling of the lymph nodes in the body that is infected.

Additionally impetigo can lead to complications, although rare suuch as post streptococcal glomerulo nephritis (PSGN). it is inflammation of the kidney that develops due to bacterial infection and often affects children aged 6-10 years.

Furthermore, Cellulitis that attack the tissues under the skin and will spread to the lymph nodes and into the bloodstream. Those that cause infections of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that is resistant to antibiotics. The latter can lead to complications that cause skin color becomes dark or bright.

Characteristics of Children who Suffer Impetigo

Impetigo is not a dangerous disease but impetigo will interfere with the child's health more seriously if left unchecked. Impetigo is a skin infection caused by germs Staphylocovvus Aures that affects children of all ages. In children 2-5 years old the infections are generally caused due streptococcoli. this germ is highly contagious.

In children who develop impetigo will have red scar in the face area and then on around the nose and mouth of the child. Even being common signs experienced by children who have impetigo. If the child is getting worse wound, it will burst and ooze pus a few days so that it will form golden brown crust or ulcers on the skin area.

Children who are attacked by the germs that cause impetigo can be identified to have characteristics such as the following:

  • The child has red skin accompanied by small spots on the face, head and hands.
  • On the skin of the ill will blister thus removing liquid that has a yellow color of honey and more extensive.
  • Children affected by impetigo will experience itching in the red area on the skin.
  • There will be swelling of the lymph nodes of infected in the surrounding area.

Factors that cause impetigo in babies

How does a child get impetigo?
Impetigo is a disease caused by bacterial infection. Nonetheless disease impetigo in children may occur due to their contact with patients. The disease is highly contagious even having contact with patients’ object or thing can also spread infection.

Here are some of the factors that cause the spread of impetigo:

  • When your child interact with friends who are suffering from impetigo, and having direct contact with impetigo sores and spread the infection to your child.
  • In hot and humid weather impetigo infection is easier to attack children.
  • Wounds on exposed skin making it easier for the bacteria that cause impetigo infection into the skin lesion.
  • Children who suffer diabete ecthyma due more susceptible to more serious types of impetigo.

Prevention of impetigo in babies

How do you prevent impetigo?
Prevention the spread of impetigo can be done by the following:

  • Washing hands and feet using methamphetamine.
  • If already in contact with children suffering from impetigo immediately to clean hands with soap.
  • Cut your child's nails regularly to avoid germs infect impetigo.
  • Try not to touch your nose and mouth when your child hands dirty.
  • In patients with impetigo goods that used to be separated, wash with soap and hot water.

Treatment of Impetigo in babies

The main treatment of impetigo is to use antibiotics. Antibiotics are here divided into two, namely topical antibiotics and antibiotic drink.

Topical antibiotics are used when the infection that occurs is still mild, are in one area, and has not spread everywhere.

While antibiotics are used if symptoms of impetigo drink cannot be treated again with topical antibiotics, the more severe and spread.

Actually, most cases of impetigo can heal by itself within a period of up to three weeks without treatment. However, antibiotic treatment goal here is to speed the healing process and reduce the risk of transmission to others.

Side effects of antibiotic
For patients who use antibiotics is very important to pay attention to the instructions of the physician and the instructions printed on the packaging, either about the manner of use, dosage, duration of use, as well as side effects that may arise from the use of these antibiotics.

Usually the side effects of topical antibiotic use occurred in the surrounding area oiled leather, for example, is itching, skin becomes reddish, and irritation. While the side effects that can occur after taking antibiotics are diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.

When you have used antibiotics within a week, but has not experienced a positive change in symptoms, see a doctor back. In this case the doctor will usually examine samples of infected skin in the laboratory to see if you are infected with diseases other than impetigo and provide appropriate medication.

Besides suspected of contracting skin diseases because your body is lacking responded to antibiotics, laboratory tests should also be conducted if impetigo often relapse. Usually this happens due to the persistence of the bacteria lodged in certain areas, such as the nose, making it easy to infect the surrounding area which incidentally injured. If proven true, the bacteria must be eradicated by a special antiseptic drugs that can be used on the nose, of course, through a doctor's prescription.

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