Treatment for Pneumonia in Babies

Treatment for Pneumonia in Babies must be done through several medical procedures. it is important for parent to observe the symptoms and then check your children to doctor for further medication.

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection that triggers inflammation in air pockets in one or both lungs. In pneumonia patients, a collection of tiny air pockets at the end of the air tract in the lungs get swelling and fill with fluid.

Treatment for Pneumonia in Babies

The disease is also often called bronchopneumonia, lobular pneumonia, and bilateral pneumonia. In general, pneumonia can be characterized by symptoms that include cough, fever and difficulty breathing.

Pneumonia is one of the causes of death of children in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the disease was triggered 15% of all deaths of babies and children under 5 years old. In 2015, there were more than 900,000 children who die from pneumonia.

Who are The most vulnerable to Pneumonia?
Everyone can be infected with the disease. However, pneumonia is commonly found and has the potential to worsen at:
  • babies and children under the age of 2 years.
  •  Elderly 65+
  • Smokers. Smoking not only increases the risk of pneumonia to the smoker but also can infect other especially babies and children.
  • People with weak immune systems, such as people with HIV or those who are undergoing chemotherapy.
  • People with chronic diseases, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • Patients in hospitals, especially those using a ventilator.

Symptoms of Pneumonia in babies

How do I know if my child has pneumonia?
Symptoms of pneumonia vary widely, based on the severity. The diversity of these symptoms can also be caused by differences in the types of bacteria trigger an infection, age, and people with health conditions. However, common symptoms that usually appear include:
  • Fever
  •  Sweating and shivering.
  • dry cough or cough with thick sputum yellow, green, or accompanied by blood.
  • breath panting and short.
  • Pain in the chest when breathing or coughing.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • diarrhea.
  • Fatigue.

If you experience any of these symptoms, see your doctor yourself. Seek immediate medical attention if the symptoms appear severe, like panting, chest pain, or absent-minded attack.

Causes of Pneumonia in babies

What is the main cause of pneumonia?
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia. However, the disease can also be triggered by a virus.

Virus Pneumonia. Most flu or cold virus triggers can also cause pneumonia. Pneumonia is most commonly experienced by toddlers.

Pneumonia Due to Fungi. Pneumonia is most commonly experienced by people with decreased immune systems or chronic illnesses.

Aspiration Pneumonia. This is a type of pneumonia that is triggered because people with inhalation of foreign objects, such as food or drink, vomiting, or saliva.

The location can also affect the type of transmission of germs that cause pneumonia. For example, the germs that cause pneumonia derived from the general environment is different from acquired pneumonia hospital.

How to prevent pneumonia in babies

Prevention of pneumonia we can do with these simple steps. Some of them are:
  • Give to babies breastfed exclusively for 6 months
  • Meet the infant and toddler nutrition, especially vitamin A and zinc (zinc)
  • Provide complete immunization of children, namely DPT (to prevent the occurrence of cough Whooping / 100 days / pertussis) and measles (for immunity to pneumonia with prevent measles virus get into the lungs), influenza, Hib, and pneumococcal (order immune from pneumonia germs).
  • Keep the living environment of air pollutants, such as cigarette smoke, burning garbage, and vehicles.
  • Undergoing vaccination. The vaccine is an important step so that we avoid pneumonia and other diseases. Please remember that the vaccine preventing pneumonia in adults differ with children.
  • Keeping your immune system stay strong. For example, by exercising regularly, getting enough rest, and implementing a healthy diet and balanced.
  • Maintain cleanliness in order to avoid the spread of the virus, such as frequent hand washing.
  •  stay away from smoker because cigarette smoke can damage the lungs that are more easily infected.

Complications of Pneumonia in babies

What are the complications of pneumonia?
Pneumonia can be cured. But there are some groups of people are more at risk of complications, such as the elderly and infants. Some complications that may occur are:

Blood infection. This condition is caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and spread the infection to other organs. Blood infection could potentially lead to organ failure.

lung abscess or pus holes that grow in lung tissue. An abscess can generally be treated with antibiotics, but sometimes also requires a surgical procedure to get rid of the pus.

Pleural effusion, a condition in which the liquid fills the space around the lungs.

Pneumonia Treatment in Babies

The diagnosis of pneumonia is done in various ways. First with general physical examination. After that there are investigations such as chest X-ray and blood tests. 

Handling of pneumonia can be done in various ways. Commonly treatment for pneumonia by using antibiotics. People with pneumonia can be cured when given antibiotics according to the type of bacteria, only require high doses and long time

However, the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae start resistant or resistant to certain antibiotics. Even the Asian region expressed as a hot zone, ie areas with high levels of resistance to bacterial pneumokok. Therefore, if the pneumonia is experienced quite severe, treatment is accomplished by hospitalization. With special care in the hospital, the patient could get some rest and more intensive treatment, or even oxygen therapy as a supporter. 

In addition, people with pneumonia also need plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. This fluid can be obtained by drinking water through an IV.

For pneumonia virus, currently there is no specific medication guidelines, although keeping the antiviral drugs have been used. Most patients can be treated at home. Usually doctors who deal with pneumonia will have the appropriate medications, after the patient's temperature returns to normal, the doctor will instruct advanced treatment to prevent relapse because of subsequent attacks can be more severe than the first.  Beside Antibiotic, patients will also receive an additional form of the diet and oxygen to increase the amount of oxygen in the blood.

In some cases, pneumonia is causing complications that can engender side effects. Children can have a variety of side effects such as interference intelligence, less motoric development, hearing loss and speech delay. However, children with pneumonia can also be cured and live a normal life.

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