Nosebleed Causes, Treatment and Prevention in Children

Most people has experienced nosebleeds. These conditions tend to be frightening and cause panic, especially if it occurs in children or the elderly. Note that nosebleeds or  Epistaxis (nosebleed medical term) is a common condition and is usually not dangerous. In general, the treatment to stop nose bleeding can be done at home.

Nosebleed Causes, Treatment and Prevention in children

What is nosebleed?


Nosebleed, in medical term Epistaxis, is the bleeding from the nose. Blood can come out of one or both nostrils with different duration. There are people experienced it only for a few seconds, and some more than 10 minutes.

There are several groups of people who have a higher risk for experiencing nosebleeds, they are children from 2 to 10 years old, the elderly, pregnant women, people who frequently consume blood-thinning medications (such as aspirin) and anticoagulant drugs, as well as people with blood disorders, such as hemophilia.

Nosebleed symptoms that need Caution

This condition is generally harmless. However, you still need to be careful because nosebleeds may indicate certain diseases. Some nosebleeds indications should be alerted include:
  • Nosebleeds that lasted more than 30 minutes. If you have it, you should go to the hospital.
  • Nosebleeds that occur in children under 2 years old.
  • Nosebleed with a lot of blood volume.
  • Nosebleed happens after surgery in the nose or sinuses.
  • Frequent nosebleeds in a short time.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • If you are taking blood-thinning medications such as aspirin or warfarin.
  • Vomiting blood due to swallowing a lot of blood.
  • Fever or rashes.
  • Nosebleed happens after you get injured.
  • The skin turns pale.
  • Nosebleeds are accompanied by bleeding from other parts of the body, for example in the urine.
  • If you or your child has any of these symptoms, you should immediately contact a doctor.

Types of nosebleeds

The walls in our nose is filled with small blood vessels located closer to the skin layer so it can be easily damaged. Based on the location of the bleeding, nosebleeds are divided into two types, namely the anterior or posterior or front and rear.

Anterior nosebleed

More than 90 percent of cases is the type of anterior nosebleeds are included easily handled. In this type of nosebleed, bleeding occurs from the front of the nose. Nosebleed's also commonly experienced by children.

Posterior nosebleeds

While the type of posterior nosebleeds, bleeding from blood vessels located at the back of the nose (between the palate and nasal cavity). Nosebleeds are generally rare tend to be more serious with more bleeding volume. The group of people who often experience are adults and the elderly.

What is the cause of nose bleeding?

Nosebleed can be caused by many things. The prime mover could be the use of drugs, descent, until the disease. Some of them are:
  • Process exhaust snot that is too tight.
  • Not intentionally injure the walls of her nose as pick your nose.
  • The air is dry and cold. Layer in a dry nose that makes it more susceptible injured and infected.
  • Crooked nose shape, such as heredity or injury.
  • Acute or chronic sinusitis.
  • The use of certain drugs, such as aspirin, anticoagulants, or excessive breathing reliever medication.
  • Irritation from chemical compounds, such as ammonia.
  • A nose injury.
  • The use of illegal drugs, such as inhaling cocaine.
  • Rhinoplasty.
  • Tumor in the nasal cavity.
  • Abnormalities in the blood clotting ability, such as hemophilia.
  • The consumption of alcohol.

Nosebleed Treatment Methods

In general, bleeding is a condition that can be treated at home. Here are some simple ways you can do if you or your child nosebleed.

  • Sit up straight and do not lie down. The sitting position will reduce the pressure on the blood vessels of the nose to stop bleeding.

  • Lean forward so the blood out through the nose and lean forward position can avoid blood enter into the throat.

  • Remove and discard the blood flowing into mouth. Swallowing blood can trigger the urge to vomit.

  • Use your thumb and forefinger to squeeze the nose and hold it for about 10 minutes. This move will put pressure on the bleeding source so as to stop the blood. Do not forget to breathe through the mouth.

  • Put a cold compress on the bridge of the nose to slow the bleeding.
  • After the nosebleed stops, make sure that you do not blow, bend, or strenuous activity for at least 24 hours. This step can also prevent irritation to the nose.

  • If the bleeding does not stop after 20 minutes go, you should go to the hospital to get medical treatment. Determining the type of treatment depends on the cause nosebleeds.


Operating procedures also may be an option if needed. Examples of procedures that can be an alternative to stop nosebleed are:
  • Burning torn blood vessels use nitric or electric current.
  • Block the nose with cotton or gauze bandages so that blood vessels can be lowered so nosebleed stopped. Patients will usually be admitted to hospital so that his condition can be monitored.
  • A small operation to tie the blood vessels at the back of the nose that is bleeding.
  • Nosebleed Prevention Steps
  • The scars of the blood vessels after nosebleeds usually can form scabs and make the nose feel uncomfortable. But do not scrape the scabs as this can re-ignite the nosebleeds.
  • The nose also generally be more susceptible to irritation or infection after a nosebleed. Therefore, as much as possible stay away from people with colds, coughs, or colds. Avoiding cigarettes, liquor and hot drinks can also help.

What do you do after a nosebleed?

In addition to avoiding the recurrence of bleeding, there are a number of preventive measures that may be useful. The simple steps include:

  • Be careful when you pick your nose. Do not be too deep.
  • Do not blowing your nose too hard.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking can reduce nasal moisture and increase the risk of nasal irritation.
  • Use nasal drug according to the dose on the packaging or recommended by your doctor.
  • Discuss with your doctor if you have ever nosebleed and had to use anticoagulant drugs.



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