Gastritis Treatment in Children

Stomach ulcers or gastritis in medical terms, can affect all ages, from infants to adults. This condition is really uncomfortable and painful, that’s why it needs treatment immediately, especially in children.

Gastritis Treatment in Children

What is Gastritis?   

Gastritis is the inflammation of stomach lining that is mainly caused by Helicobacter pylori bacterium infection and the side effect of medicines. Moreover, Based on the period the development of symptoms, gastritis is divided into two, namely acute Gastritis (rapidly developing and sudden) and chronic Gastritis (growing slowly).

In line with this, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases stated that:
Acute gastritis starts suddenly and lasts for a short time whereas Chronic gastritis is long lasting. If chronic gastritis is not treated, it may last for years or even a lifetime.(NIDDK)
Certainly for chronic gastritis will need extra treatment because it can lead to  Complications. Some of them are:

  • peptic ulcers
  • Bleeding in the stomach

Symptoms of gastritis in Children

  • Gnawing pain and heat in the stomach
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feel full quickly when eating
  • Bloated
  • Hiccup
  • Nausea
  • Gag
  • Stomach ache
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Vomiting blood

See a doctor soon if symptoms of gastritis always appear after one of these conditions: Eating certain drugs, feeling heartburn sensation continuously for more than a week, and vomiting blood.

Important: Pain in the abdomen does not always indicate the presence of gastritis. Treatment usually depends on the cause of this disease.

Causes of Gastritis in Children

Here are some things that can cause gastritis in Children, among of them are:

  • H. pylori bacteria infection
  • The side effects of the consumption of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen and aspirin) periodically
  • stress
  • Autoimmune reaction
  • Bacterial and viral infections
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Chronic vomiting

Diagnosis Gastritis in Children

A number of things will be done by physicians in diagnosing gastritis, ranging from asking symptoms, review your personal and family medical history, perform a physical examination, and conduct further investigation.

Some examples of such further examination include:

  • Breath test in order to see where the bacteria H. pylori.
  • Endoscopy to look for signs of inflammation in the stomach. This examination is sometimes combined with a biopsy (tissue sampling in areas suspected of having inflammation to further researched in the laboratory). Biopsy method could also be applied by a doctor to see where the bacteria H. pylori is.
  • X-ray examination and barium liquid in order to see their ulcer in the stomach.
  • Fecal examination for the presence of bleeding and infection in the stomach.
  • The level of blood cells to see if the patient is suffering from anemia.

Prevention and Treatment of Gastritis in Children

If you are prone to gastritis symptoms, try to divide your meal into a new feeding schedule. For example, if the previous Like large meals each meal schedule, change portion becomes a little bit so that your eating schedule to be more frequent than usual.

In addition, avoid greasy, acidic or spicy food.

If gastritis symptoms often recur after you use painkillers type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) consult the doctor. In this case, the doctor will usually replace NSAIDs with other analgesics such as paracetamol group.

Furthermore, The symptoms of gastritis can be eased if handled properly. There are several medications that are usually prescribed by doctors, among them are:

Drugs inhibiting histamine-2 (H2 blockers). These drugs can relieve the symptoms of gastritis by reducing acid production in the stomach. The example of histamine-2 inhibitor drug is ranitidine.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPI). This drug has the same benefit as inhibiting histamine-2, but it is more effective. The example of a proton pump inhibitor drug is omeprazole.

Antacid medication. These drugs can relieve the symptoms of gastritis (especially pain) quickly by neutralizing stomach acid.

Antibiotics. This medication is prescribed in patients with gastritis condition known to be caused by a bacterial infection. Examples of antibiotics are amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and metronidazole.

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