Herpes Simplex Treatment in Babies

Herpes Simplex can attack people of any ages, including babies. Without treatment, 85% of babies with herpes simplex will die. If the disease is only infect the skin, eyes and mouth, then death is rare, but 30% of which can damage the brain or nerves emerging at the time the child reaches the age of 2-3 years.

Herpes Simplex Treatment in Babies

What is herpes simplex virus?

According to New York Health Department: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a virus that usually causes skin infections. There are two types of HSV: HSV type 1 usually causes small blisters on the mouth, eye or lips (cold sores) and HSV type 2 usually affects the genital area. HSV infection in newborn babies can be very severe and can even cause death. This is because newborns' immune systems are not fully developed.

Herpes Simplex in newborn baby is a viral infection that is obtained from the mother during pregnancy or childbirth. This infection is very serious because it can attack major organs (brain, heart, lungs) and often causes permanent damage or even death. Infection can occur before or after the baby is born. The mother of the baby usually do not realize that he was suffering from herpes simplex and do not show symptoms.

Symptoms Herpes Simplex in Babies

Symptoms Herpes Simplex usually begin to appear in the first week to the second week. Skin rashes are formed as small blisters filled with fluid, but some babies exposed to herpes Simplex do not have this rash. If not treated immediately, there will be more serious symptoms within 7-10 days. Herpes infection can spread throughout the body and the various organs of the body, such as the liver, lungs, kidneys, and even the brain. Small blisters on the skin may appear or may not.

Newborns babies with herpes simplex that spreads to the brain or other body parts may get symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty breathing (rapid breathing, nostrils flared, their periods of stopped breathing short, cyanosis-baby blue) 
  • Yellow (jaundice) 
  • Easy bleeding 
  • Poor feeding  
  • Weak 
  • Seizures 
  • Shock 
  • Coma

Diagnosis Herpes Simplex Virus in Babies

Diagnosis is done base on that existed symptoms, such as fluid-filled blisters. To confirm the diagnosis, doctor will examine the samples of fluid from the blisters. The virus can also be found in the urine, mucus of the eyelids or nose, or cerebrospinal fluid.

Causes of Herpes Simplex Virus in Babies. 

Newborns can be infected by the herpes virus from a variety of ways:

  •  While in the womb (herpes Congenital - this type is not common) 
  • Through the birth canal (most often)
  •  Immediately after birth because of a kiss or contact with people affected by herpes.

 If the mother has active genital herpes infection during childbirth, the baby is very susceptible to infection at birth. Some mothers may not realize that they have a herpes lesion on the inside of the genital.

Treatment of Herpes virus infections in babies 

Treatment of herpes in babies using antiviral drugs which is appropriate depends on birth weight, administration of antibiotics delivery through the blood vessels. and antiviral salve smeared on infection place, using paracetamol to reduce fever and pain. Consult your baby herpes problems with your doctor and make sure your child is getting adequate treatment in order to avoid the complication of herpes disease.

Some ways you can do at home include:
Preventing herpes infection suspected to kiss the baby, hold the baby or carrying a baby.

  • Provide enough fluid in your baby through breast milk, water etc.
  • Eating a balanced nutrition
  • Get enough rest.
  • Place your baby on a clean room and good air circulation.

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