Measles Treatment in Child

When your Child are exposed to measles, what you need to do to take care of them?
There is no specific treatment for measles. The children are asked to rest and eat nutritious foods to boost their immune. Within 4-7 days after the rash appears, usually the Measles begins to subside.

BUT if you ignore the Symptoms and you left your Child untreated it can be dangerous. according to WHO: The disease remains one of the leading causes of death among young children globally, Approximately 134 200 people died from measles in 2015 – mostly children under the age of 5.

Measles Treatment in Child


What is Measles?

 
Measles is a viral infection characterized by the appearance of a rash all over the body and is highly contagious. Measles can be very distracting health problem and it can lead to more serious complications in children. Measles symptoms begin to appear about one to two weeks after the virus enters the body.

Symptoms of Measles in Child

The emergence of the first symptoms of measles occurred approximately one to two weeks after contracting the virus. These symptoms will disappear approximately two weeks thereafter.

Here are the first signs that will be experienced by Children with measles:

  • Eyes look red, swollen, and sensitive to light.
  • The signs resemble a cold (eg, sore throat, dry cough, and runny nose).
  •  small patches canescent in the mouth and throat.
  • High fever.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Pain.
  • Do not get excited and loss of appetite.
  • Diarrhea
  • vomiting.

Measles rash appears later than four days after the first symptoms appear, and last about seven days. Initially will emerge from behind the ears, then spread to the head and neck, and finally to the whole body. Patches that had small will grow rapidly, and eventually converge.
You should immediately contact a doctor, clinic or hospital immediately if you suspect your child has measles.


Treatment of Measles in Child

The diagnosis of measles is usually enforced by a doctor just by looking at the characteristics of spots or a rash in the mouth and the symptoms you are experiencing.

However, in some cases, your doctor may advise you to do a simple blood test and examination of saliva to confirm the diagnosis. But both these tests are rarely done unless you show the less obvious symptoms.

The human immune system will naturally resist the measles virus infection. There is no specific drug for dealing with measles. The condition of patients is usually get better without treatment within one to two weeks.

Before the immune system fight viral infections, the condition of the body will feel uncomfortable due to the symptoms of measles.

There are several ways that can help the immune system fight the measles virus, among them:
Increase fluid intake

  • Give plenty of water to avoid dehydration in children. Water consumption also can relieve itchy throat due to cough. Remember that when the body has a fever, the need for fluid increases.
  • Controlling fever and Reduce Pain

Generally, for an adult who has a fever and pain, take paracetamol or ibuprofen can be done. You can also give paracetamol in liquid form for your child.

Medications During and After Measles Attack

Drugs such as vitamin A and antibiotics may be prescribed by a doctor after symptoms appear. In addition, measles vaccination choice is also available. For example, measles prevention injections that can be given 72 hours after symptoms appear or an injection of immune serum globulin for infants or pregnant women after 6 days of exposure to the virus. Talk to your doctor to find the right treatment for you or a child.

Overcoming Eye problem

Use a cotton cloth soaked in water to clean the eyes during measles infection. Eye measles patients will become more sensitive to light. To overcome this, close the window with curtains or replacing dimmer lights at night.


Treating Other Symptoms of Measles in Child

There may appear similar symptoms such as a runny nose or cough. You can consume a warm drink to relieve these symptoms. In addition, you can do therapy inhalation of vapors.
For small children, you can bathe with warm water. Warm drinks containing lemon and honey can be given in small children. Keep in mind that giving honey is not recommended for children under one year.

Be aware of Emerging Serious Diseases 

Be aware of the possibility of complications when the body is fighting the infection.
Signs of a more serious condition are:

  • Lost Awareness, marked by constantly feel sleepy.
  • Symptoms of dehydration, such as dry mouth or decreased frequency of urination.
  •  Coughing up blood.
  •  Seizures.
  • Confusion.
  • Breathlessness.
  • Pain in the chest, especially when breathing.

Call or come directly to the nearest hospital if you or a family member experiencing the symptoms above.


Prevention of Measles in Child

The best way to prevent measles is immunization since childhood. There are two options of measles vaccination. The first is a special measles vaccine, The vaccine is given at the age of 9 months, 2 years and 6 years.

The second type is the MMR vaccine which is a combination vaccine for measles, mumps, and German measles. The vaccine is given at age 12-13 months and at the age of 3-5 years.
Measles is highly contagious. If you are suffering from measles, avoid crowded center at least four days after the appearance of the rash of measles for the first time. This is important in order to avoid the spread of infection to others. Avoid direct contact with people who are susceptible to viral infections such as infants, young children, and pregnant women.

Tip for Moms: At the peak of the disease, a child has a febrile seizure risk or nosebleeds due to a high temperature. Moms can prevent the condition by giving plenty of drinking water and warm water compresses. If those efforts can not help, no need to panic. Bring your child to the doctor immediately and tuck a small towel rolls into his mouth to prevent him from biting his own tongue.

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