Mumps treatment in Child

Treatment is always needed although mumps is not classified as a serious disease. The treatment of mumps is intended to relieve the pain and also to avoid complication, it is recommended to see a doctor if your child feel the symptoms. Doctors need to make sure the exact cause of the symptoms because there are some other more serious diseases (tonsillitis and glandular fever) whose symptoms are similar to mumps.

Mumps treatment in Child

What is Mumps?

Mumps is a disease that causes glands that produce saliva (parotid glands) get swollen due to a viral infection. This gland is located just below the ear on the side of the face. Therefore the face of  people with mumps will look bigger.

Mumps is a contagious disease and is commonly suffered by children. The disease is caused by a virus of the paramyxovirus family which is spreading like the flu virus, through the air we breathe that contaminated mumps virus from mumps patients who sneezes or coughs.

The spread of mumps virus can also occur indirectly or through an intermediary medium, for example, we wear glasses or towels are also used by people with mumps.

Mumps virus will get into the respiratory tract and further towards the parotid gland to breed and incubate for fourteen to twenty-five days.

Symptoms of mumps in Child

After incubating period, the symptoms of mumps virus will appear. Beside making patient's face looks bigger, mumps can also cause other symptoms, such as:

  • Joint pain
  • High fever
  • dry mouth
  • abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tired
  • Headache

These symptoms are often felt before parotid gland swelling occurs and when it is swelling, usually the patient will have difficulty swallowing and pain in the side of the face.

Complications of mumps in Child

In addition infects the parotid glands, mumps virus can also contaminate the fluid that protects the brain and spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid), and then may spread to other body parts, such as attacking the pancreas, brain, ovary, or testes.

If the spread to these parts has occurred, it can lead to complications, such as:

Swelling of the testicles. Testicular swelling usually starts on day four to eight days after the swelling of the parotid glands in patients who have reached the age of puberty. If you have this condition, compress your testicles with warm water or taking painkillers. Ibuprofen or paracetamol can be taken to ease the pain. In addition, use a comfortable underwear. After recovering, swelling of the testicles very rarely causes a decrease in sperm volume, testicular shrinkage, or even infertility.

Swelling of the ovaries. Just like swelling of the testicles, ovaries swelling case also only potentially occur in women who suffer from mumps after puberty. This condition is not considered serious and will heal by itself after the immune system successfully overcome mumps. Symptoms usually appear are nausea, fever, and pain in the lower abdomen.

Acute pancreatitis. In cases of acute pancreatitis associated with mumps, symptoms are usually mild. In addition to pain in the middle of the abdomen that feels a sudden, this complication sufferers also may experience diarrhea, fever, nausea, and loss of appetite. Although relatively mild, doctors may recommend a patient to be hospitalized until the condition of the pancreas to recover.

Treatment of mumps in Child

Until now there is no drug that can cope with the mumps. Healing obtained after our own immune system fight the infection successfully. While the immune system works, we also need to take steps of treatment to alleviate the symptoms.

Compress the swelling and pain with warm water. In addition, it is recommended to get enough rest and drink plenty of water and eat soft food in order to avoid the pain caused by chewing. Do not consume drinks that can irritate the parotid gland, such as fruit juices

Take painkillers (paracetamol or ibuprofen), which has been prescribed by a doctor recommended dosage. Ordinary mumps recover within 1-2 weeks. If after that time period mumps symptoms do not show signs of improving or even suddenly worsens, see a doctor back.

Prevention of mumps in Child

Mumps disease can be prevented as early as possible to give your child the MMR immunization (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella). Vaccination is done when children aged 12-18 months of age and should be repeated once again when he was 6 years old.

Whereas if we already do not get the vaccine as a child, then we can take preventive measures by means of constantly maintaining hand hygiene, not sharing utensils shower or eat with others, and wear a mask.

If your children already diagnosed with mumps illness, then do not have activity outside of the house first for a while until healed. The disease is easily transmitted to another person, especially a few days before the parotid gland swells up to several days later.

If the patient was about to sneeze or cough, should use a tissue to cover the mouth and nose, and dispose of the tissue, then wash your hands. By washing the hands, then the virus will not stick to other media that potentially touched by other people who are still healthy.

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