Treatment for Scarlet fever in Infants

Scarlet fever is a contagious and serious disease in infants; contact your doctor to get treatment needed to overcome the disease, ovoid complication and stop the transmission to others.

Treatment for Scarlet fever in Infants

What is Scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever or scarlatina is a fever accompanied by a red rash on the skin caused by infection of Streptococcus bacteria. The disease most often affects infants aged 5-15 years.

Scarlet fever is usually accompanied by a sore throat and high fever. This disease can affect the condition of the kidneys, heart, and other body if not treated promptly with antibiotics.

Causes of Scarlet Fever in Infants

Scarlet fever is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, the same bacteria that causes strep throat. These bacteria are often found on the skin and throat. Streptococcus bacteria can be transmitted through saliva splashes when an infected person sneezes or coughs.

A child can also be infected when touching the skin of patients infected with the bacteria or sharing towels, sheets, clothing, to bath with patients. People with no symptoms, but have these bacteria on the skin or throat, can infect these bacteria as well. Therefore, the bacteria can spread easily to people nearby, or people who are often located close to the patient, such as family or classmates.

Someone who has been infected with the bacteria can feel the symptoms or pain within 2-4 days after getting exposure to the bacteria, but can also be in a shorter period, 1 day, or longer, seven days.

Scarlet Fever Symptoms in Infants

Patients generally have a rash of scarlet fever almost all over his body. The rash looks like burns and sunburn and feels rough. The rash also may itch in some cases. If the rash area is pressed, the color of the skin will be pale.

The rash may spread from the area of the face to the neck, body, arms, and upper legs.

Some other symptoms of scarlet fever are:

  • Fever reaches 38.3 degrees Celsius or more, often accompanied by chills.
  • Dizzy.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Inflammation of the throat accompanied by white or yellowish spots in the area.
  • It's hard to swallow.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Reddened skin color with colored circles paler skin around the mouth.
  • Reddish tongue with small lumps like strawberries. In the early stages of disease are frequently accompanied by a white coating on the tongue.
  • Folds of skin around the neck, armpits, elbow, hip, and knee are more red-colored than the surrounding skin.

A rash appears due to toxins released by the bacteria that causes scarlet fever and usually show up for about a week. The same toxin also causes the tongue turns red. Once these symptoms subside, the skin rash  will be chipped.

Scarlet fever can also occur as a secondary infection in someone who is suffering from other diseases, such as chickenpox. Immediately contact your doctor to prevent deterioration due to serious complications.

If your child has strep throat accompanied by fever 38.9 degrees Celsius, enlarged glands in the neck, and a red rash appears, you are also advised to immediately see a doctor.

Scarlet Fever Complications in Infants

If not promptly treated with antibiotics, the bacteria can attack other organs such as lungs, kidneys, middle ear, tonsils, blood and skin. In rare cases, complications can arise such as rheumatic fever, a serious condition that attacks the nervous system, skin, joints and heart.

Prevention of Scarlet Fever in Infants

Prevention of scarlet fever is begun by avoiding the spread of bacteria that cause the disease. Some precautions infections that can be done, as the following:

  • washing hands with anti bacterial soup and clean water.
  • Do not use the same utensils with people who are infected.
  • Wash tableware and toys if possible, after use.

For those, who are suffering from this fever, cover mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing is important to do in order to prevent the bacteria spread to people who often are around you.

Scarlet Fever Treatment in Infants

As Diagnosis your doctor will check on the throat, tongue, and tonsils of patients for symptoms of this disease as one of the initial examination.

After that, the doctor will check the texture of the skin rash appears (if any), and whether there is an enlargement or swelling of the lymph nodes.

The doctor may take a sample of the tonsils and back of the throat of the patient to determine and ascertain whether they are caused by bacteria that trigger scarlet fever.

Step of treatments can help speed up the healing process, reduces the patient susceptible to infect others, and reduce the risk of complications.

The doctor will prescribe antibiotic therapy for 10 days to deal with this disease. The type of antibiotic that is generally given is the penicillins. If the patient is allergic to penicillin, then antibotik erithromicin group will be given as an alternative.

Make sure the patients complete the entire treatment period so that the infection can disappear and recover fully so that patients can avoid complications.

Children can return to school within 24 hours after receiving antibiotics and no longer have a fever. In general, scarlet fever will get better within a week without treatment, and 4-5 days with treatment.

Some self-treatment at home can also be done so that patients feel more comfortable so that it can serve to mitigate the pain, such as setting up adequate intake of liquids to keep the throat moist and help prevent dehydration.

Efforts to relieve fever and sore throat can also be done with the administration of drugs, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen.

Prepare a solution of salt water to gargle. These efforts are effective in helping to relieve a sore throat.

Throat lozenges can also be used to relieve sore throat.

Avoid other irritants triggers, such as cigarette smoke, and cleaning products.

Provide food convenient for the throat, such as hearty soups and small cold dishes, such as ice bars for soothing sore throats.

Use calamine lotion containing or antihistamines to relieve itching that appears.

Avoid wiping the patient with cold water. Cold water causes contraction of blood vessels, thereby reducing the heat loss due to fever.

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