Upper Respiratory Infection Treatment in Toddlers

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) can cause the impairment of respiratory function especially in children. Without the precise treatment this infection can spread throughout the respiratory system and cause the body not to get enough oxygen.

This condition can be fatal, even it leads to death. According to CDC, It is estimated that 2 million children die each year from acute respiratory tract infection.
Upper-Respiratory-Infection

What is Upper Respiratory Infection?


Upper respiratory infections are infections that interfere with the respiratory process of a person. This infection is generally caused by a virus that attacks the nose, trachea (respiratory pipe), or even the lungs.

Is an upper respiratory infection contagious?

The virus that causes upper respiratory infection is highly contagious. Transmission can occur due to the small sip of droplets or mucus splashes issued by patients with respiratory infection. So, always familiarize the child to cover his mouth and nose when coughing and colds.

Symptoms of upper respiratory infection in Toddlers


URI will cause symptoms that mainly occur in the nose and lungs. Usually, these symptoms appear in response to toxins released by viruses or bacteria attached to the respiratory tract. Kind of symptoms are:

  • Frequent sneezing
  • Nasal congestion or watery.
  • The lungs feel stunted.
  • Cough and sore throat.
  • Frequent fatigue and fever.
  • Body aches.

If the URI get worse, more serious symptoms will appear, such as:

  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • High fever and chills.
  • Low blood oxygen level.
  • Awareness decreases and even fainted.

Symptoms of respiratory infection usually last between one to two weeks, in which most patients will experience symptom improvement after the first week. For cases of acute sinusitis, symptoms usually last less than a month, while for acute infections in the lungs such as bronchitis, the symptoms last less than three weeks.

Causes of respiratory infection in Toddlers


As mentioned earlier, URI is transmitted by viruses and bacteria. The following are some of the microorganisms that cause the appearance of URI:

Adenovirus. Respiratory disorders such as colds, bronchitis, and pneumonia can be caused by viruses that have more than 50 of these types.

Rhinovirus. This virus causes colds. But in young children and people with weakened immune systems, common cold can turn into URI at a serious stage.

Pneumococcal. Meningitis disease is caused by this type of virus. These bacteria can also trigger other respiratory disorders, such as pneumonia.

Upper respiratory infection treatment in Toddlers


First aid that parents can do at home, Fortunately, URI caused by viruses that will mostly heal by themselves, which is resisted by the immune system.

If the child has a fever, you can wipe his body with warm water, or bathe him with warm water, to make it more comfortable.

If the fever is high enough, you can give him a safe antipyretic or fever reliever, such as paracetamol.

Remember, it is not advisable to give aspirin to children with URI due to virus, because this drug can damage liver function causing Reye syndrome.

Make sure also he drink a lot, so that the mucus in the airway is not thick and easily removed. According to many studies, the provision of cold cough medicine in children less than 6 years did not provide benefits, instead risking the side effects of drugs.

When to see a doctor? In URI due to virus, although most will cure on their own, still need attention to the occurrence of complications.

If the child appears congested, breathing quickly accompanied by flaring noses, or chest and abdomen contraction, immediately take it to the hospital. At the hospital, the doctor will examine the cause of the symptoms.

Whether pneumonia, bronkhiolitis, or croup. If necessary, a chest X-ray and blood examination will be performed. Children who breathlessness will undergo examination of oxygen levels in the blood.

If the result is low, it needs oxygen therapy. If your child complains of earache or fluid from the ear, check for a possible middle ear infection.

Prevention upper respiratory infection in Toddlers


Prevention is the best way to treat URI. Here are some hygienic lifestyles that can be done as a precaution against URI.

  • Hand washing regularly especially after activities in public places.
  •  Avoid touching the face, especially the mouth, nose, and eyes with your hands so that you are protected from the spread of viruses and bacteria.
  •  Avoid smoke.
  • Increase the consumption of foods rich in fiber and vitamins to increase endurance.
  • When you sneeze, be sure to close it with a tissue or hand. This is done to prevent the spread of the disease to others.
  • Exercising regularly can also help boost immunity and reduce the risk of transmission of infection. The more often the exercise, the less risk of contracting URI.


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