5 Premature Babies Treatment Steps

Premature babies or births before nine months in the womb may require special care during the first two years of life, especially if they weigh less than 1.4 kg.


Caring for a premature baby may require more effort than babies born with normal weight. For example, some of these premature infants require hospital care before being allowed to be at home. Premature babies are usually allowed out of hospital care if they have been able to receive breast milk or formula feeding without the help of a nasogastric tube, stable weight gain, and a stable body temperature in regular air.

Nutritional needs in premature babies are one that must be considered. Premature babies usually need more nutrients to grow as healthy as other babies. Until the age of the baby reaches two years, he may not grow as fast as a baby with normal weight.

In addition, there are also some medical problems that can be experienced by premature babies, namely:
  • Respiratory problems, so it may require additional oxygen or mechanical ventilator.
  • Sleep apnea, or breathing pause when sleeping. When this causes a heart rate disorder of a baby or baby to appear blue, the baby may have to be hospitalized
  • Risk of infection, mainly due to virus.
A good premature baby care step can help the baby to grow and develop healthily.

Here are some steps you can apply to Treat Premature Babies

Become a kangaroo mama!

Kangaroo care is that you hold your baby by putting baby into your shirt or using a special sling to get your skin touched directly with baby's skin. Do this happily and do not be afraid of hurting your baby. The baby will know the scent, the touch, and the rhythm of your breath. In the end, he will always enjoy the closeness with you. The benefits of kangaroo care include:
  • Maintain the warmth of the baby's body
  • Helps regulate baby's heart and breathing.
  • Helps calm the baby so that the frequency of crying can be reduced.
  •  Creating an opportunity for the baby to sleep more soundly.
  • Have a better chance to be able to breastfeed because kangaroo care can increase mother's milk production.
  • Build self-confidence because Mother feels giving the best care for baby and can improve baby's health.

Mother can perform kangaroo treatments as soon as the baby is born. However, there are also some hospitals that have policies to delay kangaroo care until the baby's health condition is more stable.

Notice the sleeping position

Make sure the baby is sleeping on his back, not tilted, or stomach. It aims to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome that is more common in premature babies than in infants born on time.

Keep your baby away from a sick person

Protect the baby from the risk of contracting the virus by people around him, whether from family members, friends, or visiting relatives. In addition, keep the baby away from public areas closed for at least the first two years. Exposure to motor vehicle fumes, smoke burning garbage, including cigarette smoke is mandatory to be avoided because the lungs of premature infants have not been perfect.

Immunization or vaccine

This step required to protect him from serious illness. Basically, the premature baby immunization schedule is the same as the schedule for a normal born baby. The difference is only in hepatitis B vaccine.

Doctors may also recommend giving flu vaccine to premature babies when they reach the age of six months. Equally important, family members may also need to get a flu shot to prevent influenza transmission to premature babies at home. Consult your doctor first about the appropriate precautions.

Pay attention to baby feeding schedule

Initially, most premature infants need to be breastfed as much as 8-10 times a day. Avoid giving pause from breastfeeding for more than four hours to prevent the baby from getting dehydration. When the baby is breastfeeding adequately, one of the signs can be seen from a baby who urine as much as 6-8 times a day.

If the baby often spit after feeding, do not panic because it is normal as long as his weight is not reduced. When the premature baby's weight is reduced, consult physician.

Most doctors recommend giving intake of solid foods to premature infants since they are 4-6 months from the time they are born. Do not force solid foods because premature babies take longer to be able to swallow.

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