Rhabdomyosarcoma Symptoms in Child

What is rhabdomyosarcoma?


Rhabdomyosarcoma or rabdomiosarkoma is a fast-growing cancer that can develop in soft tissues (muscle mass) almost anywhere in the body, often in children.
rhabdomyosarcoma pictures-child

The most common rhabdomyosarcoma sites are head, neck, bladder, vagina, arms, legs, and other body parts. In rhabdomyosarcoma, cancer cells are similar to immature muscle cells.

There are two types of rhabdomyosarcoma:
  • Embryonic Rhabdomyosarcoma, usually affecting children under 6 years old. The embryonic Rhabdomyosarcoma often appears in the head and neck area, and especially in the tissues around the eyes. Other common tumor areas are the genital area and urine, which can appear in the uterus, vagina, bladder or prostate gland.
  • Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma usually affects older children or adolescents. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma tends to be more aggressive than the embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma, and more often appears in the arms and legs, or chest or abdomen.

Symptoms of Rhabdomyosarcoma in Child


Rhabdomyosarcoma has different symptoms for different locations.Here are the symptoms that may appear in certain body areas:
  •  Head, may have symptoms such as headache, lower eyelid, or prominent eyes.
  • Prostate, symptoms that appear in the form of disorders of the bowel or bladder.
  • Vagina, symptoms that appear in the form of mass growth of polypoid (polyp).
  • Paratestikular, symptoms that appear in the form of a lump in the scrotum that does not feel pain.
  • Uterus and cervix, symptoms that appear in the form of excessive menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) or irregular menstrual cycle (metrorrhagia).
  • Bladder, symptoms that appear can be urine contains blood (hematuria).
  • Arms and limbs / extremities, symptoms that appear in the form of a lump that does not feel pain.
  • Area around the eye / orbit, symptoms that appear in the form of protrusion of eyeballs and movement of the eyeball is not normal.
  • Parameningeal (ear area, nasal cavity, sinus cavity near the nose, infratemporal fossa, and pterigopalatina), symptoms that appear in the form of pain or pain in the upper respiratorytract.

Symptoms that arise from the spread of cancer cells from the original organ can also appear in the form of pain or aching on the bone, anemia, shortness of breath, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia.

When should you see a doctor?

Call your doctor soon if your kid have:
  • Lumps that are not lost or swollen in the body
  • Eyes poking or eyelids swell
  • Headache and nausea
  • Difficult urination or disturbance in intestinal movement
  • Blood in the urine
  • Bleeding from the nose, throat, vagina, or rectum
  • One of the scrotums is enlarged

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