Typhoid fever Symptoms in Child And How To Handle It

Typhoid fever, also known as typhus, is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria or Salmonella paratyphi. These bacteria usually settle in water or food.

Symptoms-treatmment-Typhoid fever-child

A person can suffer from typhoid fever for consuming food or drink contaminated with the bacteria.
The Symptoms can come suddenly, can also come gradually over a period of several weeks. 

If left untreated, symptoms of typhoid will worsen over time. The worsening of untreated typhoid symptoms will also be accompanied by the appearance of red spots on the chest, decreased weight, and flatulence.

Symptoms of Typhoid fever  in Children in General

Typhus symptoms in children are the same as adults, both from the duration of fever, signs, and how to handle it. Symptoms of typhoid or typhoid fever can be mild or severe, depending on the health condition, age, and history of vaccination of the patient.

Common symptoms that usually occur when a child develops typhoid include:
  • High fever (reaches 40 ° C)
  • Stomach ache and can be accompanied by diarrhea
  • Feeling weak, tired, and body aches
  • Headache
  •  sore throat
  • Constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Enlarged liver and lymph
  • The appearance of layers on the tongue

Typhoid fever in children rarely until there is a cause of serious health problems complications. If it leads to complications, usually a digestive problem, namely the existence of a hole in the intestine. This condition is considered serious and requires immediate hospitalization.

Proper treatment Typhoid Fever

If symptoms of typhoid in children have appeared, be prepared to immediately combat this disease. Handling measures for typhoid patients are through two stages. 

The first step, the patient must get treatment at the hospital. After that, it is advisable to continue home care as a second handling step.

Medical treatment

Medical typhoid treatment is done in the hospital. Typhoid fever patients will receive treatment:

Giving antibiotics

When exposed to typhoid fever and typhoid symptoms in children, doctors will give antibiotics for 1-2 weeks. Antibiotics are considered a common treatment for typhoid fever in the early stages. Different types of antibiotics, depending on the patient's condition.

Take antibiotics until the prescribed time limit and do not leave any prescribed antibiotics. If the child is not finished taking the drug, then the risk is very high, the disease will easily come again.
After the antibiotics run out, make sure to return to the doctor for further examination.


If the child has severe symptoms such as fever of up to 40 ° C or more, severe diarrhea, swollen stomach, or persistent vomiting, call your doctor immediately to get treatment at the hospital. 

Doctors will provide nutritional fluids through infusion and antibiotics in the form of injectable drugs. 

Usually the patient will recover after undergoing treatment for 3-5 days. However, to ensure full recovery, patients will be required to continue hospitalization longer.

Home Care

In addition to treatment of typhoid fever in the hospital, do also additional treatment at home, for example:

Drink Lots of fluids

Give water, fruit juice, or coconut water to keep the body hydrated. The importance of this fluid intake by the condition of diarrhea and high fever that makes the body tends to dehydration.

Pay attention to food intake

Typhoid fever can cause sufferers, especially children, to be malnourished. Therefore, fill the nutritional needs by providing the right foods. Rice, bread, and bananas are some foods that are easily digested in the stomach and help relieve nausea and diarrhea. 

Fruit juice can also be given, as long as no sugar is added. Note that sugar can aggravate diarrhea. Fruits and vegetables can also be provided to meet the needs of vitamins.

Add honey

Add 1-2 tablespoons of honey to warm tea, and then give it to the child. This drink is good to help recover symptoms of typhoid fever. 

In addition, honey is soothing to the irritated bowel and protects the digestive tract. However, avoid giving honey to children under one year because of the risk of causing botulism.

Do not forget to discuss with your doctor about the nature of home treatment so as not to contradict medical care from the hospital to avoid the risk of health problems.

If there are no other health problems, typhoid fever symptoms will generally heal in the third or fourth week. However, although it is cured, the disease can come again anytime. 

Therefore, keep an eye on food and beverage hygiene and when typhoid symptoms appear in children, consult your doctor immediately for the right treatment.

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