Bronchiolitis Treatment in Babies

Be aware of the Symptoms of Bronchiolitis in babies in order to give a quick treatment and to prevent the complications that may happen to your baby.

Bronchiolitis is an Respiratory infections that causes inflammation and blockage in the bronchioles or small respiratory tracts in the lungs. This condition is generally experienced by babies to two years old children.

bronchiolitis treatment guidelines

Symptoms of Bronchiolitis in babies

Initially, a child affected by bronchiolitis will look like a common cold with symptoms of mild cough and runny nose. A few days later, symptoms will develop. Children will often experience a dry cough with wheezing and fever. In addition, he will be hard to eat.

Bronchiolitis Complications

Complications often occur in cases of severe bronchiolitis. Some examples of these complications are:
  • Dehydration
  • Respiratory failure or lack of oxygen levels in the body
  • Cyanosis is characterized by skin and lips are blue due to lack of oxygen
  • Apnea or breathing pauses.

Most cases of bronchiolitis are mild. Symptoms of this disease will usually subside less than three weeks without treatment required. Even so, there are also a few cases of bronchiolitis that symptoms are quite serious. Therefore, parents still have to beware.

Take your child to the doctor if the fever remains high, shortness of breath, fuss, looks very tired, and the portion of the meal is reduced drastically. Also, take your child to the doctor if you see signs of dehydration. If shortness of breath gets worse causing the skin to become pale, the lips and tongue look blue, and the body sweats, or there is a long enough breathing stop, immediately take your child to the hospital or call an ambulance.

Causes of Bronchiolitis in babies

A number of viruses can cause bronchiolitis, including flu viruses and colds. However, the type of virus that most often causes this condition especially in children younger than two years is respiratorysyncytial virus (RSV). Children are usually infected with the virus when they are near the patient and are exposed to salivation from coughing or sneezing.

In addition, transmission can also occur through intermediaries, such as toys. When items that have been contaminated by viruses are held by children and their hands touching the mouth or nose, it is likely that transmission will occur.

Here are some conditions that can increase risk of bronchiolitis in child, including:
  • Have low immunity.
  • Born prematurely.
  • Age less than three months.
  • Never get milk. Breast-fed children have better body immunity than those who do not.
  •  Living in a dense environment.
  • Frequent contact with other children.
  • Often exposed to cigarette smoke.
  • Has lung or heart disease.

Treatment of Bronchiolitis in babies

If your child has bronchiolitis and is not considered severe, your doctor will usually advise you to do home care. Examples of home treatments for this condition are:
  • Resting children
  •  give him plenty of fluids including breast milk and formula to prevent dehydration.
  • Make your child's room space comfortable by installing an air humidifier.
  • Sterilize your child's room from air pollution especially cigarette smoke.
  • Provide heat-relieving medicines that can be purchased freely in pharmacies (eg ibuprofen and paracetamol) if your child has a fever according to the dosage recommended by the physician or the usage instructions listed on the package. Paracetamol may be given to children over two months of age, and iburophen may be given to children over three months of age weighing at least five kilograms. Do not give aspirin because this medicine is for people aged 16 years and over.
  • Provide saline drops (a solution containing salt) that can be purchased freely in the pharmacy to relieve your child's blocked nose.

In cases of severe condition, Bronchiolitis Treatment should be done in the hospital. During hospitalization, in addition to getting oxygen therapy, children with bronchiolitis will get fluid intake through the infusion.

Prevention of Bronchiolitis in Babies

To minimize your child's risk of bronchiolitis, keep children away from people who show symptoms 
of the disease or other respiratory diseases. Wash your hands and your child regularly to avoid transmission of the virus when you touch your Little One or through intermediate objects. 

If a friend or family wants to hold your child, ask them to wash their hands first. Also, keep your child away from exposure to secondhand smoke.

If your child is sick with bronchiolitis, take off all the usual activities they do outside to avoid transmitting the disease to others. Take care of your child at home until healed.

In children who are at high risk for bronchiolitis such as having low immunity, lung or heart disease at birth, and premature birth, doctors usually recommend an injection of antibodies each month.

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