Mononucleosis Symptoms in Child

Mononucleosis most often attacks children at the age of 15 to 17 years, but the infection can develop at any age including Baby. The disease is caused by mononucleosis is Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). This virus can move through the saliva, so you can be infected through kissing, coughing or sneezing, or using the same cutlery and drinking with mononucleosis sufferers.


What is mononucleosis?

Mononucleosis or mono is a viral infection that causes fever, sore throat, and inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck. Mononucleosis (mono) infections are often called kissing diseases. 

The virus that causes mono can be transmitted through saliva, for example a kiss, as well as coughing or sneezing, or by sharing cutlery and drinking with a mono sufferer. The most serious complication is the swelling of the spleen. However, it is usually a harmless condition and will disappear by itself.

Signs & symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of mononucleosis?

Common symptoms of mononucleosis include:
  • Drowsiness
  • Fever
  • Discomfort, anxiety, or pain
  • Lost appetite
  • Muscle pain or stiff muscle
  •  Rash
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes, most commonly in the neck and underarms

Specific symptoms include:
  • Chest pain
  • Coughs
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Itchy
  •  Jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes)
  • stiff neck
  • Nosebleeds
  • Heart rate is fast
  • Too sensitive to light
  • Hard to breathe

There may be some signs or symptoms that are not listed above. If you have concerns about certain symptoms, please see your doctor.

Mononucleosis Treatment

What are treatments for mononucleosis in child?

The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms of the disease. You are allowed to use steroids (prednisone) when symptoms get worse.
Here are the things you should do to relieve the symptoms.
  • Drink plenty of mineral water
  • Gargle with warm salt water to relieve sore throat
  • Enough rest
  • Use acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain and fever

You should also avoid exercise if you experience swelling of the spleen (to prevent splenic rupture).

Other complications include inflammation of the liver, jaundice and swollen tonsils. If you feel your toddler's throat swollen, call your doctor immediately or take him to the hospital. Similarly, if the swelling in the throat causes it difficult to breathe.

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