Acarbose Side Effects

Acarbose is a group of antidiabetic drugs, especially type 2 diabetes, which serves to control blood sugar levels by slowing the process of digesting carbohydrates into a simpler sugar compound. These drugs help lower blood sugar levels after meals. In addition to changing the pattern of food consumption and exercise program, people with diabetes are usually also given acarbose as an additional drug.
Acarbose Side Effects

To control diabetes, acarbose can be taken along with other drugs such as insulin, metformin, sulfonylurea. If the blood sugar level can be controlled, then diabetics can avoid kidney damage, stroke, blindness, nerve damage, heart attack, loss of balance and sexual dysfunction. This drug is not intended for diabetics aged 18 years and under, and should be consumed in accordance with a doctor's prescription.

Women who are planning pregnancy or are pregnant, or breastfeeding are prohibited from taking acarbose.
  • Please be careful for those who have kidney disorders, liver, have a hernia, ulcers, peptic ulcers, colitis, intestinal obstruction, indigestion, and are on a diabetic diet.

Do not consume ordinary sugar (sucrose) when in the hypoglycemia phase (phase where blood sugar level is too low) during taking acarbose. It is recommended to take dextrose type glucose which is available in tablet, syrup or candy form.
  • This drug should not be consumed by adolescents under 18 years old.
  • If there is an allergic reaction or an overdose, see a doctor immediately.

Acarbose Dosage

Generally, the consumption of acarbose at the beginning of treatment is 50-150 mg per day. If the patient's body responds well to treatment, then within a period of at least six to eight weeks the dose is increased to 150 mg per day. To get the maximum treatment effect, acarbose should be consumed regularly and adjusted to the consumption pattern of diabetic food.

Take Acarbose Properly

Be sure to read the instructions on the drug package and follow the doctor's advice on taking acarbose. Do not add or reduce the dose without a doctor's permission.
Eat acarbose just before eating your breakfast, lunch and dinner. This drug can also be swallowed together with your first bite of food. Do not eat foods and drinks that contain carbohydrates along with acarbose, because it can cause diarrhea, abdominal bloating, or even abdominal pain.
You are advised to check blood sugar levels regularly. Ask your doctor if you perform certain activities that can affect blood sugar levels, such as exercise, work, and drinking.
Make sure there is enough time between one dose with the next dose. Try to take acarbose at the same time every day to maximize the effect.
For patients who forget to take acarbose just before breakfast, lunch, or dinner is advised not to eat between meals. Do not double the acarbose dose on the next schedule to replace the missed dose.

Recognize Side Effects and Acarbose Dangers

People's reactions to a drug vary. Some of the common side effects are:
  • Flatulence.
  • Diarrhea and abdominal pain.
  • Indigestion.
  • Stomach cramps.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Some of the rare side effects of acarbose are swelling of the lips, face and tongue. And jaundice.

Immediately see a doctor if you have muscle pain or disturbance. If the side effects continue prolonged, interrupt the activity, or you have an allergic reaction, see a doctor or go to the nearest hospital.

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